An­ti­costi Is­land, Que­bec

Canadian Geographic - - UNESCO -

SIG­NIF­I­CANCE This ge­o­log­i­cal and pa­le­on­to­log­i­cal won­der serves as a ma­jor re­search site, draw­ing those in­ter­ested in study­ing fos­sils and sed­i­ments dat­ing from the Or­dovi­cianSil­urian pe­riod, be­tween 435 and 447 mil­lion years ago, a crit­i­cal point in the his­tory of life on Earth, when changes in cli­mate and sea lev­els caused the ex­tinc­tion of nearly all ocean life on the planet. The is­land is a nat­u­ral won­der re­plete with caves, lakes, canyons and sight­ings of many species in­clud­ing pere­grine fal­cons and bald ea­gles. SIZE 7,943 square kilo­me­tres LO­CA­TION Where the St. Lawrence River flows into the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

CUR­RENT OF­FI­CIAL PRO­TEC­TION The Que­bec gov­ern­ment cre­ated the 572-square-kilo­me­tre Parc na­tional d’an­ti­costi in 2001.

RAR­ITY FAC­TOR The is­land con­tains the most in­tact and the most vis­i­ble col­lec­tion of fos­sils from the Or­dovi­cian-sil­urian pe­riod in the world, with some 600 species recorded. While many fos­sil col­lec­tions can be found in mu­se­ums and uni­ver­si­ties, the ma­jor­ity of the fos­sils here can be stud­ied in place. An­ti­costi is also home to an abun­dance of white-tailed deer, which num­ber more than 150,000 on the is­land.

An­ti­costi Is­land

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