Canada’s Boreal Forest
The boreal forest is home to about two-thirds of Canada’s 140,000 species of plants, animals and micro-organisms.
Occupying more than half of Canada’s land area, it includes more than 1.5 million lakes and many of the most important rivers.
The boreal region is home to more than four million people in Canada, including the majority of the country’s Indigenous peoples.
Wetlands — muskegs, peatlands, bogs, fens and marshes — take up 30 per cent of Canada’s boreal forest and lessen the effects of floods and
droughts by storing and moderating the flow of water between upland areas and lowland regions as well as by removing impurities from the water that flows through them.
Species at risk in the boreal region: woodland caribou, wood bison, peregrine falcon, yellow rail, Canada warbler, olive-sided flycatcher, the common nighthawk and the whooping crane.