Agri­cul­ture to reap har­vest of moder­nity

China Daily (Canada) - - POLICY REVIEW -

with that for wheat production ex­ceed­ing 90 per­cent, the re­searcher said.

The rise in such mech­a­niza­tion re­duces the need for hu­man la­bor and plays a vi­tal role in the de­vel­op­ment of agri­cul­tural production, he said.

Over the past four decades, China’s agri­cul­tural ma­chin­ery sec­tor has seen fast growth.

In 1977, the over­all value of production in this sec­tor was only 5.4 bil­lion yuan ($785 mil­lion). In 2017, the agri­cul­tural ma­chin­ery sec­tor saw prof­its of 24.3 bil­lion yuan, up by 8.1 per­cent year-onyear, ac­cord­ing to Ning Xuegui, deputy sec­re­tary-gen­eral of the China As­so­ci­a­tion for Agri­cul­tural Ma­chin­ery In­dus­try.

Over­all rev­enue for 2,429 key agri­cul­tural ma­chin­ery mak­ers hit 429 bil­lion yuan last year, a year-on-year in­crease of 6.15 per­cent, Ning said. All 12 sub­ar­eas of agri­cul­tural ma­chin­ery ac­com­plished in­creases last year, show­ing that pro­mot­ing such ma­chines led to healthy de­vel­op­ment of said.

How­ever, ac­cord­ing to the Na­tional Bu­reau of Statis­tics, hills and moun­tains are not suit­able and sus­tain­able the sec­tor, Ning for large ma­chine cul­ti­va­tion and they cover about 64 per­cent of China’s land area, es­pe­cially in south­ern China.

Im­bal­ances still ex­ist in China’s agri­cul­tural mech­a­niza­tion, part- ly due to its di­verse farm­lands, Pre­mier Li said at the meeting. There­fore, in­fra­struc­ture should be im­proved for hilly ar­eas, in­clud­ing wa­ter re­source fa­cil­i­ties and road up­grad­ing, he said. The ex­ec­u­tive meeting also pledged to im­prove the qual­ity of farm­land by in­te­grat­ing dif­fer­ent­sized plots and sup­ported land ren­o­va­tion in hilly ar­eas, al­low­ing them to be ac­ces­si­ble to ma­chin­ery. Liang Qiy­ing, a 45-year-old farmer in Yuanyang county, Yun­nan prov­ince, said agri­cul­tural ma­chin­ery can­not be used in many moun­tain­ous ar­eas, be­cause each piece of farm­land is sep­a­rated from each other, such as ter­races. “In ad­di­tion, the younger gen­er­a­tion in ru­ral ar­eas is dif­fer­ent from the old­gen­er­a­tion of mi­grant work­ers. They are less will­ing and don’t have the skills to do farm work,” Liang said. “That demon­strates that much of the farm work will prob­a­bly be done by ma­chines in the fu­ture.” If more ma­chines are to be used, the farm­land should be con­verted into large zones, Liang said. Then some farm­land should be rented out to a sin­gle grower to re­al­ize large-scale production, he said. “Oth­er­wise, it re­mains dif­fi­cult to carry out the new fa­vor­able poli­cies in many coun­ties in south­ern China,” he said. In the past, agri­cul­tural ma­chin­ery was adapted to be used on dif­fi­cult types of farm­land and in di­verse con­di­tions, whether good or not, the in­sti­tute’s Li said. Now the coun­try aims for higher ef­fi­ciency by up­grad­ing farm­land and other fa­cil­i­ties, he said. Some farm­land can be rented from orig­i­nal farm­ers to re­al­ize big­ger-scale cul­ti­va­tion, and more farm­land will be rented to make it easier in the fu­ture, the re­searcher said.


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