With med­i­ca­tions

Diabetes Care Guide (English) - - CONTENTS -

Oral med­i­ca­tions

Di­a­betes pills are pre­scribed when phys­i­cal ac­tiv­ity and meal plan­ning are no longer able to keep blood glu­cose lev­els in a healthy range. It is very im­por­tant to re­mem­ber that even if pills are pre­scribed for you, meal plan­ning and phys­i­cal ac­tiv­ity re­main an im­por­tant part of your di­a­betes man­age­ment.

Gen­er­ally, di­a­betes pills are di­vided into two groups:

• med­i­ca­tions that in­crease the amount of in­sulin in the body;

• med­i­ca­tions that help ex­ist­ing in­sulin work bet­ter.

Your blood glu­cose re­sults will help your physi­cian de­cide when med­i­ca­tions are re­quired, and what type of med­i­ca­tion will work best for you. Dif­fer­ent med­i­ca­tions are meant to be taken at spe­cific times to have the best ef­fect – ask your phar­ma­cist or an­other mem­ber of your di­a­betes team what time you should take each med­i­ca­tion.

Mind your med­i­ca­tions

Di­a­betes pills may cause prob­lems with other med­i­ca­tions you are tak­ing. Check with your phar­ma­cist or doc­tor.

Mon­i­tor your blood glu­cose

level care­fully to make sure your pills are work­ing ef­fec­tively.

If you are pre­scribed a pill that can in­crease the amount of in­sulin in your body, ask your di­a­betes ed­u­ca­tor about the preven­tion, signs and symp­toms and treat­ment of low blood glu­cose (hy­po­glycemia). For more in­for­ma­tion on in­sulin, see right.

Drink­ing al­co­hol when tak­ing di­a­betes pills may af­fect your di­a­betes con­trol. Dis­cuss al­co­hol lim­its with your physi­cian. Some di­a­betes pills can make your skin more sun sen­si­tive. Check with your phar­ma­cist.

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