Kayak (Canada) - - CONTENTS -

This is­sue of Kayak is all about the places we live — our homes and com­mu­ni­ties. But it’s im­por­tant to re­mem­ber that ev­ery farm, vil­lage and city in Canada is on land that once be­longed to Indige­nous peo­ple. Those are the First Na­tions, Inuit and Métis who lived here long be­fore our coun­try was a coun­try. Some land was turned over af­ter the govern­ment agreed to a treaty that promised things to Indige­nous peo­ple, of­ten in ex­change for giv­ing up rights to the land. (Many of these prom­ises were later bro­ken.)

For in­stance, Win­nipeg is part of Treaty 1, while much of New Brunswick and Nova Sco­tia are cov­ered by what are known as the Peace and Friend­ship treaties. Then there are the ar­eas, like much of Bri­tish Columbia, that were sim­ply taken, with no treaties at all.

There are land claims un­der­way in many parts of Canada. That’s where an Indige­nous group and the Cana­dian govern­ment try to come to an agree­ment about what is a fair deal for land the Indige­nous peo­ple never gave up, but which has been set­tled by oth­ers. These talks can take decades, like the one that ended up with the cre­ation of Nu­navut as a sep­a­rate ter­ri­tory made up mainly of Inuit.

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