Grow Up


Kayak (Canada) - - FEATURE -


Cree hunters roamed over what is now south­ern Saskatchewan to find bi­son. They and their fam­i­lies fol­lowed the gi­ant herds, and used nearly ev­ery part of the an­i­mals they killed. They made huge mounds of the bones near a creek and named the area Oskana kaasateki, which means “the bones that are piled to­gether.”

As set­tlers started to move in, the area’s lieu­tenant-gov­er­nor pushed for a treaty with the Cree, Saulteaux and Assini­boine peo­ple who had used the land for thou­sands of years. Treaty 4 was signed in 1874. It gave First Na­tions peo­ple about 260 hectares of land for each fam­ily of five, the right to hunt and fish on un­oc­cu­pied govern­ment land and five dol­lars a year. In re­turn, the First Na­tions gave up a huge ter­ri­tory — roughly the south­ern one-third of what is now Saskatchewan.

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