Tak­ing Over Up­per Canada

Kayak (Canada) - - FEATURE STORY -

In what is now south­ern On­tario, the Bri­tish made 15 Treaties between 1783 and 1812 to ce­ment friend­ships with many dif­fer­ent First Na­tions such as the Wen­dat and Anishi­naabe. The Crown un­der­stood the First Na­tions were sur­ren­der­ing their lands — giv­ing them up, some­times keep­ing a small area to live on, known as a re­serve. But First Na­tions had a dif­fer­ent un­der­stand­ing. They be­lieved they were agree­ing to share their lands with the set­tlers, who needed to make a liv­ing, in ex­change for pro­tec­tion of First Na­tions rights such as hunt­ing and fish­ing, ed­u­ca­tion, hous­ing and more. This in­cluded the prom­ise of an­nu­ities: an­nual gifts of a small amount of money. It is a sym­bolic gift of ap­pre­ci­a­tion from the Crown. Canada is now re­spon­si­ble for this an­nual gift-giv­ing.

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