U.S. to ease re­stric­tions

U.S. TO EASE OIL DRILLING CON­TROLS PRO­TECT­ING IM­PER­ILED BIRD

Lethbridge Herald - - BUSINESS | AGRICULTURE - Matthew Brown

The Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion moved for­ward Thurs­day with plans to ease re­stric­tions on oil and nat­u­ral gas drilling, min­ing and other ac­tiv­i­ties that were put in place to pro­tect an im­per­iled bird species across mil­lions of acres in the Amer­i­can West.

Land man­age­ment doc­u­ments re­leased by the U.S. In­te­rior Depart­ment show the ad­min­is­tra­tion in­tends to open more pub­lic lands to leas­ing and al­low waivers for drilling to en­croach into the habi­tat of greater sage grouse.

Crit­ics warned the changes could wipe out grouse colonies as drilling dis­rupts breed­ing grounds. Fed­eral of­fi­cials un­der Pres­i­dent Barack Obama in 2015 had adopted a sweep­ing set of land-use re­stric­tions in­tended to stop the birds’ de­cline.

In­te­rior Deputy Sec­re­tary David Bern­hardt said the agency was re­spond­ing to re­quests by states to give them more flex­i­bil­ity in how pub­lic lands are man­aged. He said the goal to con­serve sage grouse was un­changed.

“I com­pletely be­lieve that these plans are lean­ing for­ward on the con­ser­va­tion of sage grouse,” Bern­hardt told The As­so­ci­ated Press. “Do they do it in ex­actly the same way? No. We made some change in the plans and got rid of some things that are sim­ply not nec­es­sary.”

The changes drew a sharp back­lash from con­ser­va­tion groups and wildlife ad­vo­cates, who warned ex­ces­sive use of drilling waivers could push sage grouse onto the list of threat­ened and en­dan­gered species.

“If you al­low ex­cep­tion af­ter ex­cep­tion, that might make sense for a par­tic­u­lar pro­ject in a par­tic­u­lar spot, but you add them all to­gether and you have death by a thou­sand cuts,” said Na­tional Wildlife As­so­ci­a­tion Vi­cePres­i­dent Tracy Stone-Man­ning.

Sage grouse range across about 270,000 square miles in parts of 11 West­ern U.S. states and two Cana­dian prov­inces. Their num­bers plum­meted in re­cent decades.

In 2015, af­ter de­ter­min­ing the Obama ad­min­is­tra­tion’s plans were suf­fi­cient to keep the bird from slip­ping to­ward ex­tinc­tion, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Ser­vice pledged to re­visit its sta­tus in five years.

The agency re­vealed Thurs­day that it no longer plans that 2020 sta­tus re­view, of­ten a first step to­ward de­ter­min­ing if greater pro­tec­tions are needed.

Spokes­woman Jen­nifer Strick­land told the AP that the Fish and Wildlife Ser­vice is not legally re­quired to com­plete a re­view. In­stead, it will work with the West­ern As­so­ci­a­tion of Fish and Wildlife Agen­cies to doc­u­ment the ef­fec­tive­ness of the con­ser­va­tion plans.

Un­der Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump, In­te­rior Sec­re­tary Ryan Zinke has vowed to lift ob­sta­cles to drilling, and grouse pro­tec­tions have long been viewed by the en­ergy in­dus­try as an ob­sta­cle to de­vel­op­ment.

The new plans re­move the most pro­tec­tive habi­tat des­ig­na­tions for about 13,000 square miles of pub­lic land. Those ar­eas, con­sid­ered es­sen­tial to the species’ sur­vival, were a cen­ter­piece of the Obama pol­icy. The Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion also wants to drop some re­quire­ments to pri­or­i­tize leas­ing for oil and gas out­side sage grouse habi­tat.

Utah Gov. Gary Her­bert, a Repub­li­can, said Thurs­day’s an­nounce­ment showed fed­eral of­fi­cials heeded the state’s de­sire for changes to the 2015 plans.

“This is a great ex­am­ple of fed­eral lead­ers lis­ten­ing to state lead­ers, valu­ing their ex­per­tise, and chang­ing their plans based on that in­put,” Her­bert said in a state­ment.

Sage grouse are large, ground­dwelling birds known for an elab­o­rate mat­ing rit­ual in which males strut around breed­ing grounds with large, puffed-out air sacs pro­trud­ing from their chests.

They once num­bered in the mil­lions. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Ser­vice now es­ti­mates there are 200,000 to 500,000 of the birds af­ter en­ergy de­vel­op­ment, dis­ease and other causes dec­i­mated pop­u­la­tions in some ar­eas.

The Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion’s pro­posal would re­verse or mod­ify the Obama-era pro­tec­tions in seven states — Wy­oming, Ne­vada, Utah, Colorado, Cal­i­for­nia, Idaho and Ore­gon. No sig­nif­i­cant changes were pro­posed in Mon­tana, Wash­ing­ton or the Dako­tas.

The oil and gas in­dus­try chafed at the old rules. Once Trump took of­fice, in­dus­try representatives lob­bied the ad­min­is­tra­tion to give more recognition to changes in drilling prac­tices that re­duce land dis­tur­bance.

“We can do both — pro­tect sage grouse and move for­ward with re­spon­si­ble en­ergy de­vel­op­ment,” said Kath­leen Sgamma with the West­ern En­ergy Al­liance, which rep­re­sents more than 300 oil and gas com­pa­nies. “We’ve re­duced the size of well pads, re­duced the num­bers of wells. And we had done all these things and the prior ad­min­is­tra­tion as­sumed de­vel­op­ment was tak­ing place like it was 20 years ago.”

Gover­nors from sev­eral West­ern states pre­vi­ously raised con­cerns over a re­lated fed­eral di­rec­tive from the Bureau of Land Man­age­ment that would limit a type of land swap that can be used to pre­serve habi­tat for the birds.

With­out land swaps and re­lated forms of com­pen­sa­tion to off­set habi­tat dam­age, the gover­nors said it would be harder to help the sage grouse.

In re­sponse, the In­te­rior Depart­ment Thurs­day re­vised the di­rec­tive to say fed­eral of­fi­cials would con­sider state­man­dated or vol­un­tary pro­pos­als for land swaps or sim­i­lar off­sets.

As­so­ci­ated Press photo

In this 2008 file photo, a male sage grouse per­forms his “strut” near Rawl­ins, Wyo.

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