Know Your Ter­ri­ers

Modern Dog - - CONTENTS -

We asked the AKC for the low-down on the dif­fer­ences be­tween these two pop­u­lar ter­ri­ers.


Out­go­ing and friendly, the Par­son is tena­cious in the field and af­fec­tion­ate in the home. No mat­ter the venue, the breed is filled with en­ergy, so he re­quires reg­u­lar ex­er­cise and at­ten­tion. Al­though good with chil­dren, he does not tol­er­ate rough han­dling from tod­dlers.


The Par­son Rus­sell Ter­rier is gen­er­ally 13 - 17 pounds. The breed’s weath­er­proof coat can be bro­ken (wire-haired) or smooth. The Par­son is a clean breed and does not need fre­quent bathing, but the bro­ken coat may need to be hand stripped.

Her­itage: Fox hunter

The Par­son was first breed in Eng­land in the mid-1800s to hunt fox. It was orig­i­nally reg­is­tered with the AKC as the Jack Rus­sell Ter­rier, but in 1997 the par­ent club re­quested a name change, claim­ing that some of the blood­lines were crossed with the Welsh Corgi and other ter­rier breeds, cre­at­ing a shorter-legged dog than orig­i­nally in­tended; as a re­sult of lit­i­ga­tion, the name was changed to Par­son Rus­sell Ter­rier to re­flect the “true” taller, more square breed. (The Rus­sell Ter­rier, a sim­i­lar breed but shorter and with a more rec­tan­gu­lar shape, is also rec­og­nized by the AKC; the Jack Rus­sell is not AKC rec­og­nized.)

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