A Dog Treat Recipe for Fresh Breath

Th­ese tooth­some den­tal treats for dogs will sweeten your pup’s breath and tickle his taste buds!

Modern Dog - - CONTENTS - BY SUZI BEBER

No more dog breath! Th­ese tooth­some den­tal treats for dogs will sweeten your pup’s breath and tickle his taste buds.

IN­GRE­DI­ENTS

{Note: Or­ganic is best when­ever pos­si­ble} • 1 pound raw chicken or turkey giblets (for ex­am­ple, hearts, liver, kid­neys, and giz­zards). This will yield 2 cups of giblets once cooked. • 2 Tbsp fresh oregano, minced (or 1 Tbsp dried) • 1 Tbsp fresh pars­ley, flat or curly, minced • 2 Tbsp first pressed olive oil, or an­other first pressed oil of your choice • 1 whole egg • 1 cup whole grain flour, for ex­am­ple, gluten-free whole oat flour (other whole flours can be used too, for ex­am­ple, hemp or quinoa.) • 1/2 cup co­conut flour • 1 ta­ble­spoon Parme­san cheese (op­tional) • 1/2 cup fresh or frozen minced cran­ber­ries, or 1/4 cup dried, un­sul­phured and unsweet­ened minced cran­ber­ries

DI­REC­TIONS

1. Place chicken giblets in pot and cover with fil­tered wa­ter. Bring to a boil. Skim foam off top with a spoon then turn down and sim­mer for 15 to 20 min­utes. Re­move from heat. 3. Re­move the giblets from the broth, and whirl in a food pro­ces­sor or blender un­til they form a paste, then trans­fer to a large mix­ing bowl. Do the same with the re­main­ing in­gre­di­ents, ex­cept the whole flours. 4. Pre­pare the dough by mix­ing the in­gre­di­ents to­gether un­til the dough pulls away from the sides of the mixer, or you can use your hands to form a well in­cor­po­rated dough. If the dough be­comes too dry, add a bit of the broth you have set aside. 5. Sprin­kle flour or oat­meal on a cut­ting board or counter. Trans­fer dough, knead a few times, and then roll out into de­sired shapes and sizes. You can even roll out small pieces of dough into thick “pen­cils" to make a per­fectly sized walk­ing or train­ing treat. Place on cookie sheet. 6. Place cookie sheet in cold oven. Turn to 350° F. When oven reaches tem­per­a­ture, turn down to 300° F for half an hour, and then down to 200° F for 1.5 hours. 7. When they are hard and com­pletely cool, treats can be kept in a jar on the counter for one week, though they prob­a­bly won’t last that long with hun­gry pups around! They can also be eas­ily stored in an air­tight con­tainer in the fridge, and can be frozen too.

SU­PER FOOD IN­GRE­DI­ENTS

CRAN­BER­RIES con­tain a va­ri­ety of bi­o­log­i­cally ac­tive com­pounds, in­clud­ing flavonoids, phe­no­lic acids, an­tho­cyanins, and con­densed tan­nins. Re­search has shown that pure cran­berry juice may be just as pow­er­ful for fight­ing cav­i­ties as it is for blad­der in­fec­tions. A team of re­searchers from the Univer­sity of Rochester School of Medicine and Den­tistry and New York's Rut­ger's Univer­sity found that many of the spe­cial sub­stances found in cran­ber­ries may not only in­hibit the en­zymes as­so­ci­ated with the for­ma­tion of den­tal plaque, but can also stop the bac­te­ria from stick­ing to sur­faces. Th­ese com­pounds also pre­vent acid for­ma­tion and re­duce the acid tolerance of the bac­te­ria that cause de­cay.

PARS­LEY has a long his­tory of use with dogs, note vet­eri­nary nu­tri­tion­ists El­iz­a­beth Pask and Laura Scott. Its po­tent an­timi­cro­bial prop­er­ties make it the per­fect breath fresh­ener and it can also be used to soothe the stom­ach. Use only pars­ley leaves and stems, and not the seeds. Juli­ette de Bair­a­cli Levy, the Mother of Herbal Medicine for dogs, cats, and sta­ble an­i­mals, rec­om­mends the use of minced, fresh pars­ley leaves, one tea­spoon per five kg body weight, added to food. * Note: by pars­ley we mean culi­nary pars­ley (curly or flat leaf), not spring pars­ley, which is a dif­fer­ent plant and toxic to dogs, though both pars­ley and spring pars­ley can cause pho­to­sen­si­tiv­ity in massive doses.

OATS are a strength giv­ing ce­real. They are low in starch and high in min­er­als, es­pe­cially potas­sium, phos­pho­rus, mag­ne­sium, and cal­cium. Oats are also rich in vi­ta­mins B, E and G. They are a nu­tri­tive food and sup­port strong teeth, while also be­ing known as a nerve, blood, and hair tonic.

CO­CONUT con­tains medium-chain sat­u­rated fats, which are trans­formed into en­ergy and con­tain spe­cial prop­er­ties that act as an­ti­in­flam­ma­tory agents, help­ing to de­crease bac­te­rial growth, ir­ri­ta­tion, and in­flam­ma­tion.

OREGANO con­tains car­vacrol and thy­mol, which have anti-fun­gal and anti-par­a­sitic prop­er­ties. It is a strong an­ti­sep­tic herb.

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