In­te­grated pest man­age­ment and so­cial Li­cence


con­sumer scru­tiny of pro­ducer prac­tices increases, us­ing an in­te­grated ap­proach and not solely re­ly­ing on any one strat­egy helps build pub­lic trust in com­mer­cial food pro­duc­tion.

The steps to in­te­grated pest man­age­ment in­clude:

• Preven­tion: re­duc­ing pest num­bers pri­mar­ily through cul­tural prac­tices.

• Mon­i­tor and fore­cast: includes iden­ti­fy­ing pests, know­ing pest life cy­cles and us­ing pre­dic­tive tools, par­tic­u­larly for dis­eases and in­sects.

• In­ter­ven­tion: scout­ing fields, know­ing eco­nomic thresh­olds and var­i­ous man­age­ment strate­gies that sup­press cer­tain pests.

•Eval­u­a­tion and record­keep­ing: know­ing what works and doesn’t work is es­sen­tial for fu­ture plan­ning.

In­te­grated pest man­age­ment does not rely on one man­age­ment strat­egy in these steps, but uses an in­te­grated ap­proach. Man­age­ment strate­gies should in­clude a com­bi­na­tion of the fol­low­ing:

• Cul­tural strate­gies are pre­ven­ta­tive and in­volve man­ag­ing ecosys­tems to min­i­mize pest or­gan­isms from caus­ing sig­nif­i­cant eco­nomic crop dam­age. Ex­am­ples in­clude di­ver­si­fied crop ro­ta­tions, seed­ing rates and va­ri­ety se­lec­tion.

•Chem­i­cal strate­gies are the use of syn­thetic pes­ti­cides, in­clud­ing her­bi­cides, fungi­cides and in­sec­ti­cides. A con­tin­u­ing is­sue with us­ing this strat­egy is the ever-ex­pand­ing pest re­sis­tance (whether they are weed, dis­ease or in­sect pests), to var­i­ous pes­ti­cides. An­other con­cern that is im­por­tant to both the agri­cul­tural industry and to con­sumers is the proper use of pes­ti­cides. Safe residue lev­els in­clude sig­nif­i­cant safety mar­gins that are based on us­ing reg­is­tered prod­ucts, at the reg­is­tered rates, on the reg­is­tered crop and pest stages, and that fol­low the reg­is­tered pre­har­vest in­ter­vals. Proper use of pes­ti­cides also includes us­ing ap­pro­pri­ate tech­nol­ogy to re­duce any spray drift and fol­low la­belled buf­fer zones.

• Me­chan­i­cal strate­gies in­clude strate­gic tillage, mow­ing weeds, clean­ing grain or milling weed seeds.

• Bi­o­log­i­cal strate­gies in­clude scout­ing for ex­ist­ing ben­e­fi­cial or­gan­isms that play an im­por­tant role in sup­press­ing cer­tain weeds, in­sects and dis­eases; or use of bi­o­log­i­cal pes­ti­cides to am­plify nat­u­rally oc­cur­ring ben­e­fi­cial or­gan­isms.

For more in­for­ma­tion, you can con­tact me at the Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture Regional Of­fice in Moose Jaw at 1-866-4572377.

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