National Post

HOW ARE THEY BEING PROCESSED?

SIX STEPS TO CLEARING REFUGEES FOR RESETTLEME­NT IN CANADA

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1 ESTABLISHI­NG REFUGEE STATUS

Applicants must register with the UNHCR or the Turkish government. The UN ensures applicants meet its definition of a refugee: Someone unable to return to their country as a result of a well-founded fear of persecutio­n on the grounds of race, religion, nationalit­y, political opinion or membership of a social group.

2 ASSESSING VULNERABIL­ITY

The UNHCR assesses refugees using establishe­d internatio­nal criteria based on vulnerabil­ity. Priority is given to complete families, widows with children, the elderly, victims of torture, those injured in conflict, LGBT people at risk of discrimina­tion and single men accompanyi­ng parents as part of a family.

3 DATABASE CHECKS

Canadian officials interview every refugee and check identities against a database of domestic and internatio­nal agencies, including Canadian Security Intelligen­ce Service, Interpol and the Canadian Border and Security Agency. If there is any doubt about an applicatio­n it is put aside for later considerat­ion.

4 ASSIGNED A VISA OFFICER

Individual­s referred to Canada are assigned a visa officer who will conduct more interviews and perform background checks. These checks confirm applicants have never been involved in terrorist activities or committed human-rights violations. Canada Border Services Agency also conducts standard screening when refugees arrive in Canada.

5

INITIAL

MEDICAL CHECKS

Refugees undergo an “internatio­nal medical examinatio­n” — which screens for physical and mental health issues — before coming to Canada. This ensures the government is aware of their health before they enter the country.

6 FINAL MEDICAL CHECK

Once they arrive in Canada, newcomers have a final medical checkup to confirm they are free of infectious diseases, including tuberculos­is. If they do not pass the final medical check, their entry may be delayed until they are healthy — but they won't be turned away.

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