National Post (Latest Edition)

Iranians accused of breaking strict sanctions

U.S. says men are shipping goods home

- Adrian Humphreys

Two Iranian men living in Canada are accused by U.S. authoritie­s of buying “highly sophistica­ted” manufactur­ing and transporta­tion equipment and secretly shipping it to Iran to circumvent strict sanctions.

Using subterfuge, lies and masquerade­s, they overcame repeated refusals from companies around the world and eventually shipped nine electrical discharge boards, a CPU for a precision fabricatio­n machine, two servo motors and two railroad crankshaft­s from the United States to Iran, authoritie­s allege.

Along with another Iranian national, they are also accused of internatio­nal money laundering in a plot spanning 11 countries and stretching over two years.

The charges come amid continuing internatio­nal tension between Iran and both Canada and the United States.

“Homeland Security Investigat­ions uses export control statutes to ensure sensitive technologi­es developed in the United States do not fall into the hands of those that intend to harm Americans or our allies,” said Vance Callender, a special agent in charge with U.S. Homeland Security Investigat­ions.

“Iran has been subject to internatio­nal sanctions for more than 40 years and has continuous­ly and furtively tried to obtain items that could be used against U.S. soldiers in conflict or Americans abroad.”

Authoritie­s allege that Arash Yousefi Jam, 32, and Amin Yousefi Jam, 33, of the Greater Toronto Area, wilfully conspired with a 44-yearold man in Iran named Abdollah Momeni Roustani to skirt internatio­nal sanctions to export goods to Iran.

The plot started around January 2015, and ran for at least two years, according to an indictment filed in court.

The men placed orders for precision metal fabricatio­n and railway transporta­tion equipment from U.s.-based companies and arranged for them to be shipped to Iran, sending them first to the UAE “to hide the true location and nature of the end users, who were in Iran,” according to the indictment.

On Jan. 9, 2015, Arash Jam emailed a U.S company requesting prices for nine electrical discharge boards. He said he was in Toronto but the boards were being shipped to the UAE, according to the indictment.

When the price list was received, it was forwarded to Roustani who replied in Farsi, saying “God bless you, you really get it at this price.” Arash then asked the company if the parts could be shipped directly from the Spanish manufactur­er to save money.

Meanwhile, he sent a similar request from a competing firm in Britain. The British company asked for the serial number of the machine the parts were for, but when Arash sent it the firm refused to assist.

Arash and Amin Jam exchanged emails that confirmed the machine was in Tehran, Iran’s capital, authoritie­s allege.

The order was then placed with the original U.S. company.

The U.S. company then insisted on knowing the serial number of the machine the parts were for.

Knowing that when he gave the real serial number to the British company he was refused sale, Arash found a version of the same machine for sale and asked what its serial number was. Arash then gave this new serial number to the U.S. company, according to the indictment.

The Spanish company became suspicious, as the same serial number had been given for a different order, and refused the sale.

The U.S. supplier, however, still agreed and the electrical discharge boards were shipped to UAE and then trans-shipped to Iran, authoritie­s allege.

A central processing unit for the same machine was then ordered from the same company, using the fake serial number. The CPU was sold and shipped to UAE and then to Iran — but didn’t work properly.

In 2016, Arash asked a Croatian company a price on railroad crankshaft­s, the indictment says. The company referred them to a U.S. supplier, who emailed “I hope that this is not for Iran.”

When Arash finally found a U.S. company agreeing to the sale, he arranged for a shipper to pick them up and ship them to UAE and then on to Iran, in a process known as “cross-stuffing,” according to the allegation­s.

When picking up the shipment, Arash told the shipper in an email, do “not mention anything about the cross-stuffing, only that the shipment is being taken to Dubai, UAE,” according to the indictment.

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