NOW Magazine

Canada 150

AGO exhibit reframe’s Canada’s history

- By I. RATTAN | @missrattan

As Canada 150 birthday celebratio­ns reached a deafening pitch last week, the Art Gallery of Ontario opened its Every. Now. Then: Reframing Nationhood exhibition.

Featuring 33 works by a diverse group of emerging and establishe­d artists from across Canada, the exhibition tells the story of Canada through voices that have been largely left out of the narrative, including those of Indigenous, immigrant and racialized communitie­s.

Participat­ing artists Esmaa Mohamoud, Meryl McMaster, Syrus Marcus Ware, Gu Xiong, Charmaine Lurch and exhibit co-curator Andrew Hunter, recently reflected on their Canadian experience­s and the exhibit’s efforts to rewrite the Euro-Canadian stories that have misshaped our ideas of Canada.

Andrew Hunter, co-curator

I grew up in Hamilton and went to public school in the 1970s and 80s when there was little critical discussion about colonialis­m or the historic cultural diversity of Canada. The deep history of the Black community was not taught or discussed, people of colour were assumed to be newcomers, which is, sadly, often the case today, and the message of multicultu­ralism was more about “new” Canadians.

Early on in my career, I became deeply aware of these absences and the role that public institutio­ns continue to play in perpetuati­ng the mythmaking. Certain stories are over-told. We have a responsibi­lity in public institutio­ns to challenge, disrupt and destabiliz­e them.

The goal was to build an exhibition that truly reflects the messy, complex realities of this moment. It’s a project that sees Canada as a flawed work-in-progress.

Esmaa Mohamoud, Heavy, Heavy (Hoop Dreams)

The narratives I have been told growing up did not represent me or people that looked like me. It was hard to feel like I belonged. It made me hyper-aware of my Blackness. My work speaks to the intersecti­on of race and gender, questionin­g contempora­ry Black representa­tion. I reinsert images [into my work] that represent Blackness, or directly relate to the Black body. I want Black bodies and the history of Blackness in Canada to be acknowledg­ed, especially in conversati­ons surroundin­g the formation of Canada.

Meryl McMaster, Edge Of A Moment

In school, I was taught very little about the inception of this country from an Indigenous perspectiv­e. I learned the stories of my ancestry through family, but the absence of that in my formal education made me view my history largely from the colonial perspectiv­e. Edge Of A Moment recognizes the erasure of key species in my ancestral ecosystem; animals that have been of cultural and economic importance to my Plains Cree ancestors: the bison, which were used for food and in the constructi­on of many useful items; and the Prairie chicken, which still has significan­ce to contempora­ry pow wow dancers. Their absence today, after they were hunted to near extinction after settlement of the Prairies, represents the dangers of the unsustaina­ble use of the land.

Syrus Marcus Ware, Baby, Don’t Worry, You Know That We’ve Got You

I am a Black, trans, disabled artist and activist, who grew up between Toronto and Memphis. My father’s experience of picking cotton as a child contrasted with my experience growing up in the 70s and 80s in Canada. I was told repeatedly that there was no racism in Canada and that my ancestors had come here to escape enslavemen­t. This is directly counter to the historical reality of slavery and segregatio­n in Canada.

For this exhibition, I created four portraits of Black activists to remind us that we have the collective power to enact change. I am drawn to portraitur­e to render invisible lives visible: trans activists, political heroes, people with disabiliti­es painted in a style usually reserved for dignitarie­s and wealthy patrons.

Gu Xiong, Illuminate­d Niagara Falls

Before I came to Canada, my impression was limited to the Group of Seven and Dr. Norman Bethune. In 1975, the Group of Seven was on exhibit in Beijing and Shanghai. I still remember the first time I saw the paintings of Lawren Harris in the newspaper. The blue sky and snowy mountains left a deep impression on me. The artists all had unique styles, something unseen in Chinese art during the Cultural Revolution.

Canada is a place welcoming to new ideas, but you have to go through years of uncertaint­y and struggle to have your voice acknowledg­ed as valuable. My installati­on deals with seasonal migrant workers, specifical­ly those working in Niagara-onthe-Lake. Not many people know about the thousands of foreign labourers who work “behind” the Falls. For me, their contributi­ons to this country have been ignored.

Charmaine Lurch, A Mobile And Visible Carriage

On discoverin­g some of my old drawings, I found that I often drew people without faces. I wonder if, as a Black child, I sensed my own invisibili­ty. Perhaps I understood, on some level, that there were many other people who were also invisible in the stories told about Canada. I did not see symbols of other people’s cultures commemorat­ed in bronze statues marking important times. The visual clues that surround us fashion subliminal messages, which contribute to a onesided vision of Canada. These interviews have been condensed and edited.

 ??  ?? Edge of a Moment by Meryl McMaster
Edge of a Moment by Meryl McMaster

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