Ottawa Citizen

Fishbowl T.O.


- Rob Gillies

Heated streets will melt snow on contact. Sensors will monitor traffic and protect pedestrian­s. Driverless shuttles will carry people to their doors.

A unit of Google’s parent company Alphabet is proposing to turn a rundown part of Toronto’s waterfront into what may be the most wired community in history — to “fundamenta­lly refine what urban life can be.”

Sidewalk Labs has partnered with a government agency known as Waterfront Toronto with plans to erect mid-rise apartments, offices, shops and a school on a 4.9-hectare site — a first step toward what it hopes will eventually be a 325-hectare developmen­t.

High-level interest is clear: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Alphabet’s then-executive chairman Eric Schmidt appeared to announce the plan last year.

But some Canadians are rethinking the privacy implicatio­ns of giving one of the most data-hungry companies on the planet the means to wire up everything from street lights to pavement. And some want the public to get a cut of the revenue from products developed using Canada’s largest city as an urban laboratory.

“The Waterfront Toronto executives and board are too dumb to realize they are getting played,” said former BlackBerry chief executive Jim Balsillie, who also said Ottawa is pushing the board to approve it.

“Google knew what they wanted. And the politician­s wanted a PR splash and the Waterfront board didn’t know what they are doing. And the citizens of Toronto and Canada are going to pay the price,” Balsillie said.

Complaints about the proposed developmen­t prompted Waterfront Toronto to redo the agreement to ensure a greater role for the local agency, which represents city, provincial and federal government­s.

So far the project is still in the embryonic stage. After consultati­ons, the developers plan to present a master plan early next year.

Dan Doctoroff, the CEO of Sidewalk Labs, envisions features like pavement that lights up to warn pedestrian­s of approachin­g streetcars. Flexible heated enclosures — described as “raincoats” for buildings — will be deployed based on weather data during Toronto’s bitter winters. Robotic waste-sorting systems will detect when a garbage bin is full and remove it before raccoons descend.

“Those are great uses of data that can improve the quality of life of people,’ he said. “That’s what we want to do.”

Doctoroff said the company isn’t looking to monetize people’s personal informatio­n in the way that Google does now with search informatio­n. He said the plan is to invent so-far-undefined products and services that Sidewalk Labs can market elsewhere.

“People automatica­lly assume because of our relationsh­ip to Alphabet and Google that they will be treated one way or another. We have never said anything” about the data issue, he said. “To be honest people should give us some time. Be patient.”

But that wasn’t good enough for Julie Di Lorenzo, a prominent Toronto developer who resigned from the Waterfront Toronto board over the project. Di Lorenzo said data and what Google wants to do with it should be front and centre in the discussion­s. She also believes the government agency has given the Google affiliate too much power over how the project develops.

“How can (Waterfront Toronto), a corporatio­n establishe­d by three levels of democratic­ally elected government, have shared values with a limited, for-profit company whose premise is embedded data collection?” Di Lorenzo said.

Di Lorenzo asks who will own the autonomous vehicles. “Is the municipali­ty maintainin­g the fleet or forcing you to share your vehicle?” She also asks if people who don’t want their data collected will be allowed to live there.

The concerns have intensifie­d following a series of privacy scandals at Facebook and Google. A recent Associated Press investigat­ion found that many Google services on iPhones and Android devices store locationtr­acking data even if you use privacy settings that are supposed to turn them off.

“It gives all of us pause,” Waterfront board chair Helen Burstyn said.

Bianca Wylie, an advocate of open government, said it remains deeply troubling that Sidewalk Labs still hasn’t said who will own data produced by the project or how it will be monetized. Google is here to make money, she said, and Canadians should benefit from any data or products developed from it.

“We are not here to be someone’s research and developmen­t lab,” she said, “to be a loss leader for products they want to sell globally.”

Ottawa patent lawyer Natalie Raffoul said the fact that the current agreement leaves ownership of data issues for later shows that it wasn’t properly drafted and means patents derived from the data will default to Google.

“We just can’t be too trusting of corporatio­ns,” she said.

But Burstyn, the Waterfront Toronto chair, said the upcoming master plan will address data concerns.

“Everybody gets worried about the digital and technology aspects that might run amok,” she said. “I don’t worry about that as much as I see the opportunit­ies for developing a really interestin­g, innovative community.”

 ?? SIDEWALK TORONTO VIA AP ?? This currently rundown section of the Toronto lakefront could be transforme­d into one of the most highly wired places on the planet if a plan by Google’s parent company goes ahead.
SIDEWALK TORONTO VIA AP This currently rundown section of the Toronto lakefront could be transforme­d into one of the most highly wired places on the planet if a plan by Google’s parent company goes ahead.

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