Crops in Sask. badly in need of moisture
Harvest operations are underway for some producers in the south, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture’s weekly Crop Report.
Crops are rapidly drying down across the province and many pulse crops are being desiccated.
Most crops remain in fair to excellent condition, although later-seeded crops need rain to help heads and pods fill. Reported yields so far range from average to well-below average, depending on field and moisture conditions.
Most areas of the province did not receive any rain last week, although the Arborfield area reported 22 mm and the Macklin area 20 mm.
Many southern and central areas have not received significant moisture for well over a month, and any future rainfall may be of limited benefit since most southern crops are quickly ripening.
Topsoil moisture conditions have worsened since last week due to the lack of rain and hot temperatures. Provincial topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are currently rated as 39 per cent adequate, 43 per cent short and 18 per cent very short.
Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 33 per cent adequate, 39 per cent short and 28 per cent very short. Saskatchewan Agriculture
The majority of crop damage in late July is attributed to lack of moisture, strong winds and hot temperatures. There have been some reports of grasshoppers in the south.
Haying is wrapping up for some livestock producers and yields remain significantly lower than normal. Pasture conditions are currently rated as two per cent excellent, 25 per cent good, 37 per cent fair, 26 per cent poor and 10 per cent very poor.
Crop District 3ASW – Coronach, Assiniboia and Ogema areas; Crop District 3AN – Gravelbourg, Mossbank, Mortlach and Central Butte areas;
Crop District 3B – Kyle, Swift Current , Shaunavon and Ponteix areas;
Crop District 4 – Consul, Maple Creek and Leader areas Crops continue to develop quickly in the region, allowing many producers to begin harvest.
Ten per cent of the winter wheat and four per cent of the field peas have now been combined; many pulse crops are being desiccated and will soon be taken off. Estimated yields at this time range from average to well-below average, depending on moisture and field conditions.
Very little rain was reported in the region, although the Swift Current area received 10 mm, the Ponteix and Eyebrow areas received 1 mm, the Admiral and Vanguard areas 2 mm, the Tyner area 6 mm, the Limerick and Kyle areas 5 mm, the Cabri area 7 mm, the Shaunavon area 3 mm and the Leader area 4 mm.
The Hazenmore area has had the most precipitation (181 mm) in the region since April 1. Many areas remain very dry and will need significant rain to fill later-seeded crops and replenish topsoil moisture; however, any rainfall now will come too late to be of benefit in some areas as crops have already been severely affected by lack of moisture and heat stress.
Topsoil moisture conditions have significantly deteriorated over the past week due to high temperatures and lack of moisture.
Topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as 14 per cent adequate, 48 per cent short and 38 per cent very short.
Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as eight per cent adequate, 43 percent short and 49 per cent very short. All crop districts in the region are reporting that at least 76 per cent of both the cropland and hay land and pasture are short or very short topsoil moisture at this time.
Crop districts 4A and 4B report that 100 per cent of the cropland and hay land and pasture are short or very short topsoil moisture.
Strong winds, high temperatures and lack of moisture were the main causes of crop damage this past week. There have been reports of grasshoppers in some areas.
Haying operations are wrapping up and yields remain significantly lower than normal. Pasture conditions are rated as seven per cent good, 30 per cent fair, 42 per cent poor and 21 per cent very poor.
Producers are busy desiccating pulse crops, combining and finishing haying.