Crops in Sask. badly in need of mois­ture

Prairie Post (East Edition) - - Farm News - SASKATCHEW­AN AGRI­CUL­TURE

Har­vest op­er­a­tions are un­der­way for some pro­duc­ers in the south, ac­cord­ing to Saskatchew­an Agri­cul­ture’s weekly Crop Re­port.

Crops are rapidly dry­ing down across the prov­ince and many pulse crops are be­ing des­ic­cated.

Most crops re­main in fair to ex­cel­lent con­di­tion, although later-seeded crops need rain to help heads and pods fill. Re­ported yields so far range from av­er­age to well-be­low av­er­age, de­pend­ing on field and mois­ture con­di­tions.

Most ar­eas of the prov­ince did not re­ceive any rain last week, although the Ar­bor­field area re­ported 22 mm and the Mack­lin area 20 mm.

Many south­ern and cen­tral ar­eas have not re­ceived sig­nif­i­cant mois­ture for well over a month, and any fu­ture rain­fall may be of lim­ited ben­e­fit since most south­ern crops are quickly ripen­ing.

Top­soil mois­ture con­di­tions have wors­ened since last week due to the lack of rain and hot tem­per­a­tures. Pro­vin­cial top­soil mois­ture con­di­tions on crop­land are cur­rently rated as 39 per cent ad­e­quate, 43 per cent short and 18 per cent very short.

Hay land and pas­ture top­soil mois­ture is rated as 33 per cent ad­e­quate, 39 per cent short and 28 per cent very short. Saskatchew­an Agri­cul­ture

The ma­jor­ity of crop dam­age in late July is at­trib­uted to lack of mois­ture, strong winds and hot tem­per­a­tures. There have been some re­ports of grasshop­pers in the south.

Hay­ing is wrap­ping up for some live­stock pro­duc­ers and yields re­main sig­nif­i­cantly lower than nor­mal. Pas­ture con­di­tions are cur­rently rated as two per cent ex­cel­lent, 25 per cent good, 37 per cent fair, 26 per cent poor and 10 per cent very poor.

Crop District 3ASW – Coronach, Assini­boia and Ogema ar­eas; Crop District 3AN – Grav­el­bourg, Moss­bank, Mort­lach and Cen­tral Butte ar­eas;

Crop District 3B – Kyle, Swift Cur­rent , Shau­navon and Pon­teix ar­eas;

Crop District 4 – Con­sul, Maple Creek and Leader ar­eas Crops con­tinue to de­velop quickly in the re­gion, al­low­ing many pro­duc­ers to be­gin har­vest.

Ten per cent of the win­ter wheat and four per cent of the field peas have now been com­bined; many pulse crops are be­ing des­ic­cated and will soon be taken off. Es­ti­mated yields at this time range from av­er­age to well-be­low av­er­age, de­pend­ing on mois­ture and field con­di­tions.

Very lit­tle rain was re­ported in the re­gion, although the Swift Cur­rent area re­ceived 10 mm, the Pon­teix and Eye­brow ar­eas re­ceived 1 mm, the Ad­mi­ral and Van­guard ar­eas 2 mm, the Tyner area 6 mm, the Lim­er­ick and Kyle ar­eas 5 mm, the Cabri area 7 mm, the Shau­navon area 3 mm and the Leader area 4 mm.

The Hazen­more area has had the most pre­cip­i­ta­tion (181 mm) in the re­gion since April 1. Many ar­eas re­main very dry and will need sig­nif­i­cant rain to fill later-seeded crops and re­plen­ish top­soil mois­ture; how­ever, any rain­fall now will come too late to be of ben­e­fit in some ar­eas as crops have al­ready been se­verely af­fected by lack of mois­ture and heat stress.

Top­soil mois­ture con­di­tions have sig­nif­i­cantly de­te­ri­o­rated over the past week due to high tem­per­a­tures and lack of mois­ture.

Top­soil mois­ture on crop­land is rated as 14 per cent ad­e­quate, 48 per cent short and 38 per cent very short.

Hay land and pas­ture top­soil mois­ture con­di­tions are rated as eight per cent ad­e­quate, 43 per­cent short and 49 per cent very short. All crop dis­tricts in the re­gion are re­port­ing that at least 76 per cent of both the crop­land and hay land and pas­ture are short or very short top­soil mois­ture at this time.

Crop dis­tricts 4A and 4B re­port that 100 per cent of the crop­land and hay land and pas­ture are short or very short top­soil mois­ture.

Strong winds, high tem­per­a­tures and lack of mois­ture were the main causes of crop dam­age this past week. There have been re­ports of grasshop­pers in some ar­eas.

Hay­ing op­er­a­tions are wrap­ping up and yields re­main sig­nif­i­cantly lower than nor­mal. Pas­ture con­di­tions are rated as seven per cent good, 30 per cent fair, 42 per cent poor and 21 per cent very poor.

Pro­duc­ers are busy des­ic­cat­ing pulse crops, com­bin­ing and fin­ish­ing hay­ing.

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