A THER­A­PIST, BUT WHAT KIND?

Reader's Digest (Canada) - - Health -

A PSY­CHOTHER­A­PIST

is trained in treat­ing emo­tional or be­havioural dis­tur­bances through di­a­logue, but can­not pre­scribe med­i­ca­tion. Psy­chother­apy prac­ti­tion­ers may also be psy­chi­a­trists, psy­chol­o­gists or so­cial work­ers.

A PSY­CHO­AN­A­LYST

typ­i­cally sees clients mul­ti­ple times a week. They un­dergo sim­i­lar train­ing as a psy­chother­a­pist does, but usu­ally at the post­doc­toral level.

A PSY­CHI­A­TRIST

is a med­i­cal doc­tor who spe­cial­izes in di­ag­nos­ing and treat­ing men­tal ill­nesses, and may do talk ther­apy if they choose to. They can pre­scribe med­i­ca­tion such as anti-de­pres­sants or anti-psy­chotics, and are cov­ered by pro­vin­cial and ter­ri­to­rial health plans.

A PSY­CHOL­O­GIST

can di­ag­nose and treat men­tal health prob­lems, but can­not pre­scribe med­i­ca­tion.

Their fees, which tend to be higher than those of psy­chother­a­pists, are more likely to be cov­ered, in part, by pri­vate in­sur­ance plans.

A SO­CIAL WORKER

is typ­i­cally em­ployed by fam­ily ser­vices, chil­dren’s aid, wel­fare ad­min­is­tra­tion, or by an in­sti­tu­tion such as a hos­pi­tal, school board or cor­rec­tional fa­cil­ity. Their fo­cus is help­ing peo­ple nav­i­gate so­cial ser­vices and poli­cies, but an in­creas­ing num­ber also work in pri­vate prac­tice as ther­a­pists.

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