A THERAPIST, BUT WHAT KIND?
is trained in treating emotional or behavioural disturbances through dialogue, but cannot prescribe medication. Psychotherapy practitioners may also be psychiatrists, psychologists or social workers.
typically sees clients multiple times a week. They undergo similar training as a psychotherapist does, but usually at the postdoctoral level.
is a medical doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating mental illnesses, and may do talk therapy if they choose to. They can prescribe medication such as anti-depressants or anti-psychotics, and are covered by provincial and territorial health plans.
can diagnose and treat mental health problems, but cannot prescribe medication.
Their fees, which tend to be higher than those of psychotherapists, are more likely to be covered, in part, by private insurance plans.
A SOCIAL WORKER
is typically employed by family services, children’s aid, welfare administration, or by an institution such as a hospital, school board or correctional facility. Their focus is helping people navigate social services and policies, but an increasing number also work in private practice as therapists.