TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Sentinel-Review (Woodstock) - - NEWS -

In 1308, me­dieval scholar Duns Sco­tus died. His given name led to the in­tro­duc­tion of the word dunce.

In 1414, in Con­stance, Switzer­land, more than 50,000 peo­ple gath­ered to re­solve the Great Schism in the Ro­man Catholic Church. The Con­stance coun­cil got rid of three men who all claimed to be pope and elected Mar­tin V as the church’s new leader. In 1519, Span­ish ex­plorer Her­nando Cortez reached Mex­ico City.

In 1623, Wil­liam Shake­speare’s col­lected works were first pub­lished.

In 1656, Bri­tish as­tronomer Ed­mund Hal­ley, who dis­cov­ered the comet that bears his name, was born. He was the first to pre­dict the re­turn of a comet.

In 1793, the Lou­vre Palace in Paris was opened as a pub­lic mu­seum.

In 1847, Bri­tish au­thor

Bram Stoker was born. His lit­er­ary legacy is “Drac­ula,” first pub­lished in 1897.

In 1873, Win­nipeg was in­cor­po­rated as a city.

In 1887, the grama­phone was patented by Amer­i­can Thomas Edi­son.

In 1889, Mon­tana be­came the 41st U.S. state.

In 1889, Oswald J. Smith, founder of the Peo­ples Church of Toronto, was born. Smith wanted to be a mis­sion­ary, but was turned down be­cause of health rea­sons. So he be­gan a church that was heav­ily fo­cused on mis­sion ac­tiv­i­ties. Smith also wrote sev­eral books and com­posed more than 1,200 hymns. He died in 1986.

In 1900, Mar­garet Mitchell -- au­thor of “Gone With the Wind” -- was born in At­lanta. She died in a 1949 car crash.

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