TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1530, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, adviser to King Henry VIII of England, died. He had fallen out of the king’s favour because of his failure to secure an annulment from the pope for the king’s marriage to Catharine of Aragon.
In 1760, France formally transferred Detroit to British control.
In 1798, the legislature of the Island of St. John voted to change its name to Prince Edward Island. The name was chosen in honour of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, who was stationed with the army in Halifax at the time. It was felt that the change was necessary because the Island was being confused with Saint John, N.B. and St. John’s, N.L.
In 1814, the “London Times” became the first newspaper to be printed by a steam-powered press.
In 1818, George Brown, journalist and Father of Confederation, was born at Alloa, Scotland.
In 1832, Louisa May Alcott, author of “Little Women,” was born in Germantown, Pa.
In 1855, the Grand Trunk Railway completed the line between Montreal and Brockville.
In 1864, a Colorado militia killed at least 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians in the Sand Creek Massacre.
In 1898, British academic and children’s author C.S. Lewis was born.
In 1916, the National Research Council of Canada was established at Ottawa.
In 1924, in the first hockey game played at the Montreal Forum, the Montreal Canadiens beat the Toronto St. Pats 7-1.
In 1929, U.S. Admiral Richard Byrd became the first man to fly over the South Pole. Three years earlier, Byrd made the first flight over the North Pole.