TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1659, the Pyrenees were designated as the boundary between France and Spain, thus ending a 24year war between the two countries.
In 1665, the “London Gazette” was published for the first time.
In 1781, the last public burning by the Spanish Inquisition took place in Seville.
In 1793, during the French Revolution, Christianity was abolished. Reason was deified, and as many as 2,000 churches were destroyed throughout France.
In 1804, Napoleon declared himself emperor, thus ending the First Republic of France.
In 1807, the Lewis and Clark expedition sighted the Pacific Ocean at the mouth of the Columbia River.
In 1836, three men from Britain flew 770 kilometres from London to Germany in a balloon. The trip took 18 hours.
In 1867, Marie Curie was born Marie Sklodowska in Poland. She shared the Nobel prize for physics in 1903 with her French husband for their work in radioactivity. She won a second Nobel prize for her discovery of radium in 1911. She died July 4, 1934.
In 1873, the Liberals formed their first federal government under Alexander Mackenzie. John A. Macdonald’s Conservatives had resigned two days before due to a bribery scandal.
In 1874, the Republican Party was symbolized as an elephant in a cartoon drawn by Thomas Nast in “Harper’s Weekly.”
In 1879, Leon Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronstein. A Russian Communist leader who played a leading role in both the 1905 revolution and the October Revolution in 1917, he was removed from all positions after the death of Lenin in 1924. Trotsky was driven into exile and assassinated in Mexico in 1940.
In 1885, the last spike was driven at Craigellachie in B.C.’s Eagle Pass, completing the Canadian Pacific Railway’s transcontinental line. Donald Smith, a principal CPR shareholder, did the honours. Though the line -- stretching from Montreal to Port Moody, B.C. -- was expected to take 10 years to construct, it was completed in less than five.
In 1893, the state of Colorado granted its women the right to vote.
In 1898, Her Majesty’s Theatre opened on Guy Street in Montreal with “The Ballet Girl,” a musical comedy. The theatre remained in operation for 65 years, with presentations of operas, concerts and ballets occupying its stage. The building was demolished in 1963.
In 1900, the federal election sustained Sir Wilfrid Laurier’s Liberals: Liberals 133; Conservatives 80.