How the Great War up­ended Canada’s po­lit­i­cal, so­cial, eco­nomic norms

Coun­try pulled to­gether dur­ing First World War, but di­vi­sions en­hanced by con­scrip­tion

StarMetro Edmonton - - CANADA & WORLD - Lee Berthi­aume ADRIAN WYLD/THE CANA­DIAN PRESS Alanna Rizza

OT­TAWA—The legacy of the First World War will be om­nipresent when Cana­di­ans stop on Sun­day — the 100th an­niver­sary of the end of the War to End All Wars — to pay tribute to those who made sac­ri­fices for the coun­try and its way of life.

There will be the red pop­pies pinned to lapels and the haunt­ing words of “In Flan­ders Field,” penned by Lt.-Col. John McCrae af­ter the Sec­ond Bat­tle of Ypres.

There will be the Na­tional War Memo­rial, orig­i­nally built to com­mem­o­rate the 60,000 Cana­di­ans who died dur­ing the war, and Re­mem­brance Day it­self, which has been rec­og­nized ev­ery Nov. 11 — the day the Great War ended — since 1931.

Yet the en­dur­ing im­pact is felt in countless other ways as well, many of them sub­tle — and not all of them pos­i­tive, de­spite the pop­u­lar re­frain that Canada came into its own as a coun­try dur­ing the First World War.

That’s be­cause while the war ush­ered in many changes as the coun­try pulled to­gether dur­ing those four bloody years in a way it never had be­fore, it also cre­ated deep di­vides and chal­lenges — some of which re­main to­day.

“The war en­hances di­vi­sions be­tween French and English, be­tween east and west, be­tween ru­ral and ur­ban. It tends to ex­ac­er­bate and di­vide based on in­come and in­equal­ity,” said his­to­rian Mark Humphries of Wil­frid Lau­rier Univer­sity.

“So these are kind of the last­ing lega­cies for Cana­di­ans.”

No event was more di­vi­sive — or po­lit­i­cally trans­for­ma­tive — than the in­tro­duc­tion of con­scrip­tion. It was the is­sue upon which the De­cem­ber 1917 fed­eral elec­tion was fought, and it broke the coun­try along both lin­guis­tic and geo­graphic lines.

French-Cana­di­ans were deeply an­gry at be­ing forced to fight a war they didn’t be­lieve in, while many ru­ral Cana­di­ans and union work­ers felt be­trayed af­ter the gov­ern­ment broke its prom­ise dur­ing the elec­tion to ex­empt them and their sons.

Mixed into the equa­tion was a great deal of dis­il­lu­sion­ment as com­pa­nies made huge prof­its off the war, even as av­er­age work­ers strug­gled with low pay and re­turn­ing vet­er­ans faced dif­fi­culty find­ing work or ac­cess­ing ser­vices and ben­e­fits. JAKARTA, INDONESIA—In­ves­ti­ga­tors suc­ceeded in re­triev­ing hours of data from a crashed Lion Air jet’s flight recorder as In­done­sian au­thor­i­ties on Sun­day ex­tended the search at sea for vic­tims and de­bris. Na­tional Trans­porta­tion Safety Com­mit­tee deputy chair­man Haryo Sat­miko said that 69 hours of flight data was down­loaded from the recorder in­clud­ing its fa­tal flight. The Boe­ing 737 MAX 8 jet crashed just min­utes af­ter take­off from Jakarta on Oct. 29, killing all 189 peo­ple on board in the coun­try’s worst air­line dis­as­ter since 1997. A Saskatchewan grand­mother con­fronted by a farmer with a gun says chang­ing tres­pass­ing laws won’t stop crime but could in­crease racial ten­sion.

An­gela Bishop, a Métis lawyer, was driv­ing on a ru­ral road in Al­berta in Septem­ber with her two grand­chil­dren who are vis­i­bly In­dige­nous. She no­ticed a ve­hi­cle be­hind her, so she stopped. A man got out and started to yell at her to get off his road, she said, de­spite her at­tempts to ex­plain A tablet com­puter dis­plays a dig­i­tal poppy dur­ing a cer­e­mony mark­ing the start of the Cana­dian Le­gion’s Re­mem­brance Day cam­paign.

Hours of data re­cov­ered from crashed Lion Air jet

In­dige­nous lawyers wary over tres­pass talk in Saskatchewan

One per­son dead af­ter mid-air crash be­tween two planes

Post­media can­cels print de­liv­er­ies to schools over pot ads

OT­TAWA— Paramedics say one per­son is dead af­ter two small planes crashed mid-air in Ot­tawa on Sun­day. Ot­tawa po­lice say the col­li­sion oc­curred over the west end of the city. Staff Sgt. Jamie Harper says one plane then crashed into a field and the other man­aged to land at the Ot­tawa In­ter­na­tional Air­port. A spokesper­son for Ot­tawa paramedics, Marc-An­toine Deschamps, says one per­son who was in the plane that crashed in the field was pro­nounced dead on scene. No in­juries were re­ported from the other plane.

why she was there. She spot­ted a gun in­side his ve­hi­cle.

Ter­ri­fied for her grand­chil­dren, Bishop said she tried to drive away — but the man pur­sued her. She called law en­force­ment. Of­fi­cers told her it was a pub­lic road and she could be there.

The Saskatchewan throne speech last month in­cluded a Post­media Net­work Inc. will no longer be de­liv­er­ing news­pa­pers to schools across Canada in or­der to com­ply with fed­eral laws that re­strict how cannabis is ad­ver­tised to mi­nors, the com­pany said Sun­day.

A spokesper­son for the Cana­dian news me­dia com­pany said print de­liv­er­ies have been can­celled to el­e­men­tary and high schools across the coun­try that take part in the News­pa­pers in Ed­u­ca­tion pro­gram. ref­er­ence to chang­ing tres­pass­ing laws to “bet­ter ad­dress the ap­pro­pri­ate bal­ance be­tween the rights of ru­ral landown­ers and mem­bers of the pub­lic.”

Eleanore Sun­child, a lawyer rep­re­sent­ing the fam­ily of Colten Boushie, an In­dige­nous man fa­tally shot by farmer Ger­ald Stan­ley in Au­gust 2016, said she is wor­ried the Saskatchewan Party gov­ern­ment is en­gaged in po­lit­i­cal pos­tur­ing which could stoke racial fear.

“It seems like there’s more of an ap­proval to take vig­i­lante jus­tice in your hands, and if you are an In­dige­nous vic­tim, noth­ing is go­ing to hap­pen to the non-na­tive that shot you,” she said.

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