How the Great War upended Canada’s political, social, economic norms
Country pulled together during First World War, but divisions enhanced by conscription
OTTAWA—The legacy of the First World War will be omnipresent when Canadians stop on Sunday — the 100th anniversary of the end of the War to End All Wars — to pay tribute to those who made sacrifices for the country and its way of life.
There will be the red poppies pinned to lapels and the haunting words of “In Flanders Field,” penned by Lt.-Col. John McCrae after the Second Battle of Ypres.
There will be the National War Memorial, originally built to commemorate the 60,000 Canadians who died during the war, and Remembrance Day itself, which has been recognized every Nov. 11 — the day the Great War ended — since 1931.
Yet the enduring impact is felt in countless other ways as well, many of them subtle — and not all of them positive, despite the popular refrain that Canada came into its own as a country during the First World War.
That’s because while the war ushered in many changes as the country pulled together during those four bloody years in a way it never had before, it also created deep divides and challenges — some of which remain today.
“The war enhances divisions between French and English, between east and west, between rural and urban. It tends to exacerbate and divide based on income and inequality,” said historian Mark Humphries of Wilfrid Laurier University.
“So these are kind of the lasting legacies for Canadians.”
No event was more divisive — or politically transformative — than the introduction of conscription. It was the issue upon which the December 1917 federal election was fought, and it broke the country along both linguistic and geographic lines.
French-Canadians were deeply angry at being forced to fight a war they didn’t believe in, while many rural Canadians and union workers felt betrayed after the government broke its promise during the election to exempt them and their sons.
Mixed into the equation was a great deal of disillusionment as companies made huge profits off the war, even as average workers struggled with low pay and returning veterans faced difficulty finding work or accessing services and benefits. JAKARTA, INDONESIA—Investigators succeeded in retrieving hours of data from a crashed Lion Air jet’s flight recorder as Indonesian authorities on Sunday extended the search at sea for victims and debris. National Transportation Safety Committee deputy chairman Haryo Satmiko said that 69 hours of flight data was downloaded from the recorder including its fatal flight. The Boeing 737 MAX 8 jet crashed just minutes after takeoff from Jakarta on Oct. 29, killing all 189 people on board in the country’s worst airline disaster since 1997. A Saskatchewan grandmother confronted by a farmer with a gun says changing trespassing laws won’t stop crime but could increase racial tension.
Angela Bishop, a Métis lawyer, was driving on a rural road in Alberta in September with her two grandchildren who are visibly Indigenous. She noticed a vehicle behind her, so she stopped. A man got out and started to yell at her to get off his road, she said, despite her attempts to explain A tablet computer displays a digital poppy during a ceremony marking the start of the Canadian Legion’s Remembrance Day campaign.
Hours of data recovered from crashed Lion Air jet
Indigenous lawyers wary over trespass talk in Saskatchewan
One person dead after mid-air crash between two planes
Postmedia cancels print deliveries to schools over pot ads
OTTAWA— Paramedics say one person is dead after two small planes crashed mid-air in Ottawa on Sunday. Ottawa police say the collision occurred over the west end of the city. Staff Sgt. Jamie Harper says one plane then crashed into a field and the other managed to land at the Ottawa International Airport. A spokesperson for Ottawa paramedics, Marc-Antoine Deschamps, says one person who was in the plane that crashed in the field was pronounced dead on scene. No injuries were reported from the other plane.
why she was there. She spotted a gun inside his vehicle.
Terrified for her grandchildren, Bishop said she tried to drive away — but the man pursued her. She called law enforcement. Officers told her it was a public road and she could be there.
The Saskatchewan throne speech last month included a Postmedia Network Inc. will no longer be delivering newspapers to schools across Canada in order to comply with federal laws that restrict how cannabis is advertised to minors, the company said Sunday.
A spokesperson for the Canadian news media company said print deliveries have been cancelled to elementary and high schools across the country that take part in the Newspapers in Education program. reference to changing trespassing laws to “better address the appropriate balance between the rights of rural landowners and members of the public.”
Eleanore Sunchild, a lawyer representing the family of Colten Boushie, an Indigenous man fatally shot by farmer Gerald Stanley in August 2016, said she is worried the Saskatchewan Party government is engaged in political posturing which could stoke racial fear.
“It seems like there’s more of an approval to take vigilante justice in your hands, and if you are an Indigenous victim, nothing is going to happen to the non-native that shot you,” she said.