TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1852, Parliament was dissolved at Quebec, owing to an outbreak of cholera.
In 1853, the Great Western Railway line, running 69 kilometres from the Niagara Suspension Bridge to Hamilton, was opened.
In 1856, a telegraph line was opened between Newfoundland and New York. In 1932, Foster Hewitt made his first Hockey Night in Canada broadcast. Boston and Toronto tied 1-1.
In 1940, the Trans-Atlantic Ferry Service began operations, transporting planes, men, and supplies from Canada via Goose Bay and Gander, Nfld. to Britain. In 1953, Canada’s military base in Soest, Germany was opened.
In 1975, the iron-ore carrier “Edmund Fitzgerald” sank in a storm on Lake Superior with the loss of 29 crewmen. The 222-metre-long ship battled 7.5 metre waves and record 125 km/h winds before sinking. The tragedy was commemorated in a song, “The Wreck of Edmund Fitzgerald,” by Gordon Lightfoot.
In 1979, a Canadian Pacific freight train carrying deadly combustible chemicals derailed in the heart of Mississauga, Ont. Deadly chlorine gas leaked from a punctured tanker and within 24 hours, 220,000 people, most of the city’s population, had been evacuated. No lives were lost in the largest single movement of people in Canada in peacetime.