TODAY IN HISTORY: Pearl Harbor
In 1907, Christmas Seals were sold for the first time in the United States to help fight tuberculosis. The seals went on sale for the first time ever in Denmark in 1904 and were the idea of Copenhagen postman Einar Holboell. The seals first appeared in Canada in 1908.
In 1941, Japanese planes began their attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor. Over 300 Japanese planes from aircraft carriers attacked in waves. Eight battleships were sunk or disabled, and almost 200 planes were destroyed before they could get off the ground. About 2,500 soldiers and civilians were killed. Hours later, Canada declared war on Japan — the first of the Western allies to do so. The United States, Britain and other allied countries followed the next day. The United States declared war on Japan’s allies Germany and Italy on Dec. 11.
In 1964, Brian and Marilyn Wilson were married. Brian was the creative force behind The Beach Boys, and his bride was the lead singer of a group called The Honeys, best known for singing back-up on hits by Jan and Dean and The Beach Boys (“Be True to Your School”). The couple stayed married until 1979 and had two daughters — Carnie and Wendy, both who went on to form Wilson Phillips.
In 1972, America’s last Moon mission began, as "Apollo 17" blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
In 1982, Charles Brooks Jr., a prisoner on death row at a Huntsville, Texas, prison, became the first person in the U.S. to be executed by lethal injection.
In 1987, 43 people were killed after a gunman aboard a Pacific Southwest Airlines jetliner in California apparently opened fire on a fellow passenger, the two pilots and himself, causing the plane to crash. In 1988, a major earthquake devastated northern Armenia. Official estimates put the death toll at 25,000. In 1995, British Columbia’s NDP government became the first in Canada to order automakers to produce less-polluting vehicles. In 2006, Giuliano Zaccardelli was forced to resign as RCMP commissioner after misleading a parliamentary committee probing the Maher Arar case. He was the first RCMP commissioner to be forced out under a cloud of controversy. In 2009, Prime Minister Stephen Harper became the first Canadian leader to address South Korea’s National Assembly, using his speech to emphasize ties between the two countries. In 2016, Time magazine named Donald Trump its Person of the Year.