IT HAP­PENED ON THIS DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Daily Courier - - OPINION -

— In 1645, the Com­pany of New France gave up trad­ing rights in Canada to colonists liv­ing in the new land.

— In 1671, the first snow of the win­ter fell in Que­bec but the ice and snow had nearly all melted away by the mid­dle of March, mak­ing it Canada’s short­est win­ter on record. But home­stead­ers weren’t re­joic­ing at the lack of chill in the air — they de­pended on the cold to keep food sup­plies from spoil­ing. Many starved be­cause of the short win­ter.

— In 1784, the U.S. rat­i­fied a peace treaty with Eng­land, end­ing the Rev­o­lu­tion­ary War.

— In 1875, the first is­sue of the “Hal­i­fax Her­ald” hit the streets.

— In 1878, Alexan­der Gra­ham Bell demon­strated the tele­phone to Queen Vic­to­ria, who spoke with her friend, Sir Thomas Bid­dulph.

— In 1914, the Ford Mo­tor Com­pany im­proved ef­fi­ciency by em­ploy­ing an “end­less” chain to trans­port each chas­sis along the as­sem­bly line.

— In 1943, Pres­i­dent Roo­sevelt, Prime Min­is­ter Churchill and Gen­eral Charles de Gaulle opened a wartime con­fer­ence in Casablanca.

— In 1947, Canada was elected to the Eco­nomic and So­cial Coun­cil of the UN.

— In 1949, the first non-stop trans-Canada flight, from Van­cou­ver to Hal­i­fax, was com­pleted.

— In 1952, an un­der­ground gas ex­plo­sion at the Mc­Gre­gor coal mine at Stel­lar­ton, N.S., killed 19.

— In 1952, NBC’s To­day show pre­miered, with Dave Gar­roway as the host, or “com­mu­ni­ca­tor,” as he was of­fi­cially known. It is tele­vi­sion’s long­est-run­ning week­day pro­gram.

— In 1954, re­tired base­ball great Joe DiMag­gio mar­ried ac­tress Mar­i­lyn Mon­roe. They di­vorced nine months later.

— In 1964, in her first pub­lic state­ment since the as­sas­si­na­tion of her hus­band two months be­fore, for­mer U.S. first lady Jacque­line Kennedy ap­peared on TV to thank the 800,000 peo­ple who sent her mes­sages of sym­pa­thy.

— In 1969, 27 peo­ple aboard the air­craft car­rier “USS En­ter­prise,” sta­tioned off Hawaii, were killed when a rocket war­head ex­ploded, set­ting off a fire and ad­di­tional ex­plo­sions that ripped through the ship.

— In 1974, Jules Leger was sworn in as Canada’s 21st gover­nor gen­eral.

— In 1976, the T. Ea­ton Co. an­nounced the end of its cat­a­logue sales op­er­a­tion, cit­ing losses for more than 10 years, lay­ing off 9,000 em­ploy­ees.

— In 1979, FLQ sus­pect Jean-Pierre Charette re­turned to Canada after 10 years in Cuba. He was sen­tenced to jail in March for bomb­ing in­ci­dents in 1969.

— In 1982, Clif­ford Robert Ol­son was sen­tenced to life in prison after he pleaded guilty in Van­cou­ver to 11 counts of first-de­gree mur­der. The vic­tims, three boys and eight girls, were aged be­tween nine and 18 and died be­tween Novem­ber 1980 and Au­gust 1981. Ol­son’s fam­ily was paid $100,000 by the RCMP after he gave in­for­ma­tion on the lo­ca­tion of the vic­tims’ bod­ies. Ol­son died of can­cer in prison in 2011.

— In 1990, “The Cana­dian,” Via Rail’s leg­endary pas­sen­ger train, made its fi­nal trip across Canada after 34 years of ser­vice on the world’s long­est rail line, a 4,645-km route. Along with this, and the shut­down of other trains, 2,716 jobs were gone.

— In 1992, the Cana­dian gov­ern­ment an­nounced it would ex­tend patent pro­tec­tion to 20 years for all new, brand-name drugs by multi­na­tional phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal man­u­fac­tur­ers — a move that would re­strict the abil­ity of Canada’s generic drug man­u­fac­tur­ers to en­ter the mar­ket­place.

— In 1994, Arkansas-based Wal-Mart Stores Inc., the world’s largest re­tailer, an­nounced plans to buy 120 Woolco stores in Canada.

— In 2018, Sears Canada, the long­time sta­ple of Canada’s re­tail land­scape, shut­tered its few re­main­ing stores for good. It de­clared bank­ruptcy in 2017 and an­nounced that it would liq­ui­date in­ven­tory and lay off 15,000 em­ploy­ees.

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