TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1752, a government pamphlet in Halifax became the first book published in Canada.
In 1780, Jean-Antoine Aide-Crequy, the first Canadian-born painter, died in Quebec City.
In 1803, Canadian author Susanna Moodie, whose works included “Roughing
It In the Bush,” was born.
In 1863, American chemist Charles Hall, who found a way to cheaply extract aluminum from its ore, was born in Thompson, Ohio. His discovery transformed aluminum from a precious metal to a material with numerous everyday uses. Hall also co-founded the industrial giant now called Alcoa.
In 1873, the first international intercollegiate football game was played in New Haven, Conn. Yale defeated Eton (England) 2-1.
In 1907, the worst mining disaster in U.S. history occurred as 362 men and boys died in a coal mine explosion in Monongah, West Va.
In 1907, Canadian painter R. York Wilson was born.
In 1907, the first recorded flight in Canada took place when Thomas Selfridge rose about 51 metres into the air in a kite designed by Alexander Graham Bell.
In 1917, Finland proclaimed its independence from Russia.
In 1921, “Buzz” Beurling was born. The Canadian flying ace shot down 28 enemy planes in four months during the Second World War. He died in a 1948 plane crash in Italy.
In 1921, Agnes Macphail, a 30-year-old teacher, became Canada’s first female member of Parliament.
In 1922, the Irish Free State was proclaimed.
In 1927, Ottawa city council approved the installation of the city’s first automatic traffic light control system.
In 1957, the first American attempt at putting a satellite into orbit blew up on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Fla.
In 1965, Pope Paul VI announced plans for an extraordinary jubilee period to be celebrated by the Roman Catholic Church from Jan. 1 to May 29, 1966. The Feast of Pentecost Jubilee was a period of special grace for Catholics as they became familiar with the decisions of the Second Vatican Council. The Vatican also announced that the Pope had given permission for the publication of all documents in Vatican archives concerning the Second World War.
In 1971, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and U.S. President Richard Nixon met in Washington to discuss economic policy.
In 1982, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in a unanimous decision that Quebec never had a veto over amendments to Canada’s Constitution, thus rejecting one of the province’s historical claims to special status.