TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1694, a French Jesuit missionary in Canada, Noel Chabanal, was murdered by a renegade Huron. He was one of the group known as the Jesuit Martyrs of North America canonized by Pope Pius XI in 1930.
In 1776, during the Revolutionary War, George Washington’s retreating army crossed the Delaware River from New Jersey into Pennsylvania.
In 1841, Prince Albert Edward, later King Edward VII, became the Prince of Wales.
In 1852, Laval University in Quebec City, the earliest French-language university in North America, was granted a royal charter. Established in Quebec City, it was named after Msgr. Francois de Laval, the first bishop of Quebec.
In 1854, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the Catholic dogma of the Immaculate Conception, which holds that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was free of original sin from the moment of her own conception.
In 1869, Timothy Eaton opened a small dry-goods store at the corner of Yonge and Queen streets in Toronto. Eaton revolutionized the commercial practice of the day by offering satisfaction or money refunded. His store became one of the largest department stores in North America. In September 1999, Sears Canada announced it would buy the outstanding common shares of the insolvent Eaton’s.
In 1880, Alberta’s first newspaper, “The Edmonton Bulletin,” appeared. It folded in 1951.
In 1893, the deadliest fire in recorded history killed 2,500 women and children in a church in Santiago, Chile.
In 1913, an Order-in-Council prohibited the landing of skilled or unskilled labour at British Columbia ports.