The Hamilton Spectator
Ukrainian midwives reach out to Canada for training
UKRAINE Olena Boiko recalls being in a state of shock when nurses began to wheel her on a gurney toward the basement bomb shelter while she was in labour to give birth to her first child.
She was seven months pregnant when Russia began its brutal invasion of Ukraine, causing families in Boiko’s town of Lviv in the western region of the country to live under the constant threat of missile attacks.
Unsure of where to go, Boiko and her husband, Volodymyr, retreated to the countryside. They soon realized they were no safer there than in the city. They opted to return to Lviv for the birth, assured by her doctors that she would be able to have her baby in the bomb shelter if necessary.
“We were shocked, but we didn’t have a choice,” Boiko said in Ukrainian through a translator, while pushing her son, Yaroslav, now 10 months old, in his stroller through Lviv on Saturday. Midwives in Ukraine want women facing labour during the war to be offered that choice of where to give birth.
They are looking to Canada as an example of how to make it happen.
In a large wooden chalet tucked away in a remote village in the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine, a group of about 30 midwives gathered around Ottawa midwife BettyAnne Daviss on Friday as she explained how to deliver babies outside of the hospital and how the practice is regulated in Canada.
It was the first training provided by the Association of Midwives of Ukraine, which was officially formed late last year at the urging of Daviss. Midwives are regulated in Ukraine, but only in hospitals. They are not licensed to attend home births.
Anastasia Menzhynska, the midwife who heads the new association, said she’s had to deliver babies in bomb shelters, and even coach women in occupied territories through their labour online.
The problem is, Menzhynska said, midwives aren’t just lacking permission to do home births. They also do not have the training to deliver babies outside of hospital.
That’s why Daviss has travelled back and forth between Canada and Ukraine several times since the war began to teach them.
Daviss has trained the Ukrainian midwives on what to do in cases of postpartum hemorrhage. She has also taught them how to proceed when the baby is not in a good position for birth, if its shoulder gets stuck, or the mother is having twins, and how to resuscitate an infant that is not breathing.
She told the group how Canadian midwives fought for regulation in Ontario 30 years ago. Since then, the number of midwives in Canada has jumped from roughly 60 in 1994 to 1,700 in 2019 as more provinces followed Ontario’s lead, according to a 2019 article by Kathi Wilson, an assistant professor in the department of midwifery at McMaster University in Hamilton.
Boiko said she would not have chosen a home birth for herself, as she prefers the medical security of the hospital.
“Of course, if there are regular shellings, and there is nowhere to be except one’s basement, then the midwife should be with the woman,” she said through a translator.