A Le­gendry artist Us­tad Nus­rat A. Khan

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Nus­rat Fateh Ali Khan 13 Oc­to­ber 1948 – 16 Au­gust 1997), was a Pak­istani mu­si­cian, pri­mar­ily a singer of Qawwali, the de­vo­tional mu­sic of the Su­fis.He pos­sessed an ex­tra­or­di­nary range of vo­cal abil­i­ties and could per­form at a high level of in­ten­sity for sev­eral hours. Ex­tend­ing the 600-year old Qawwali tra­di­tion of his fam­ily, Khan is widely cred­ited with in­tro­duc­ing Qawwali mu­sic to in­ter­na­tional au­di­ences. He is pop­u­larly known as “Sha­hen­shah-e-Qawwali”, mean­ing “The King of Kings of Qawwali” .Born in Faisal­abad, Khan had his first pub­lic per­for­mance at the age of 16, at his fa­ther’s chelum. Early life and ca­reer. He was the fifth child and first son of Fateh Ali Khan, a mu­si­col­o­gist, vo­cal­ist, in­stru­men­tal­ist, and qawwal. Khan. Ini­tially, his fa­ther did not want Khan to fol­low the fam­ily’s vo­ca­tion. He had his heart set on Nus­rat choos­ing a much more re­spectable ca­reer path and be­com­ing a doc­tor or en­gi­neer, be­cause he felt Qawwali artists had low so­cial sta­tus. How­ever, Khan showed such an ap­ti­tude for and in­ter­est in Qawwali, that his fa­ther fi­nally re­lented.He be­gan by learn­ing the tabla be­fore mov­ing on to vo­cals.In 1964 leav­ing his mu­si­cal ed­u­ca­tion un­der the su­per­vi­sion of his pa­ter­nal un­cles, Mubarak Ali Khan and Sala­mat Ali Khan. [ci­ta­tion needed] He is the un­cle of singer Ra­hat Fateh Ali Khan. In 1971, af­ter the death of his un­cle Mubarak Ali Khan, Khan be­came the of­fi­cial leader of the fam­ily Qawwali party and the party be­came known as Nus­rat Fateh Ali Khan, Mu­jahid Mubarak Ali Khan & Party. Khan’s first pub­lic per­for­mance as the leader of the Qawwali party was at a stu­dio record­ing broad­cast as part of an an­nual mu­sic fes­ti­val or­gan­ised by Ra­dio Pak­istan, known as Jashne-Ba­ha­ran. Khan sang mainly in Urdu and Pun­jabi and oc­ca­sion­ally in Per­sian, Braj Bhasha and Hindi. His first ma­jor hit in Pak­istan was the song Haq Ali Ali, which was per­formed in a tra­di­tional style and with tra­di­tional in­stru­men­ta­tion. The song fea­tured re­strained use of Khan’s sargam im­pro­vi­sa­tions.

Later ca­reer

In the sum­mer of 1985, Khan per­formed at the World of Mu­sic, Arts and Dance (WOMAD) fes­ti­val in Lon­don.He per­formed in Paris in 1985 and 1988. He first vis­ited Ja­pan in 1987, at the in­vi­ta­tion of the Ja­pan Foun­da­tion. He per­formed at the 5th Asian Tra­di­tional Per­form­ing Art Fes­ti­val in Ja­pan.He also per­formed at Brook­lyn Academy of Mu­sic, New York in 1989, earn­ing him ad­mi­ra­tion from the Amer­i­can au­di­ence. In the 1992–93 aca­demic year, Khan was a Vis­it­ing Artist in the Eth­no­mu­si­col­ogy de­part­ment at the Uni­ver­sity of Washington, Seat­tle, In 1988, Khan teamed with Peter Gabriel on the sound­track to The Last Temp­ta­tion of Christ, which led to Khan be­ing signed to Gabriel’s Real World la­bel. He would go on to re­lease five al­bums of tra­di­tional Qawwali through Real World, along with the more ex­per­i­men­tal al­bums Mustt Mustt (1990), Night Song (1996), and the post­hu­mous remix album Star Rise (1997). Khan’s ex­per­i­men­tal work for Real World, which fea­tured his col­lab­o­ra­tions with the Cana­dian gui­tarist Michael Brook, spurred on sev­eral fur­ther col­lab­o­ra­tions with a num­ber of other West­ern com­posers and rock mu­si­cians. One of the most note­wor­thy of these col­lab­o­ra­tions came in 1995, when Khan grouped with Pearl Jam’s lead singer Ed­die Ved­der on two songs for the sound­track to Dead Man Walk­ing. Khan also pro­vided vo­cals for The Prayer Cy­cle, which was put to­gether by Jonathan Elias, but died be­fore the tracks could be com­pleted. Ala­nis Moris­sette was brought in to sing with his unfinished vo­cals. In 2002, Gabriel in­cluded Khan’s vo­cals on the posthu­mously re­leased track “Sig­nal to Noise” on his album Up. Khan’s album In­tox­i­cated Spirit was nom­i­nated for a Grammy award in 1997 for best tra­di­tional folk album. That same year, his album Night Song was also nom­i­nated for a Grammy Award for Best World Mu­sic Album, but lost out to The Chief­tains’ album San­ti­ago. Khan con­trib­uted songs to, and per­formed in, sev­eral Pak­istani films. Shortly be­fore his death, he com­posed mu­sic for three Bol­ly­wood films. which in­cludes the film Aur Pyaar Ho Gaya, The movie was re­leased in 1999, It is no­table that the two leg­endary singing sis­ters of Bol­ly­wood, Asha Bhosle and Lata Mangeshkar sang for the songs he com­posed in his brief stint in Bol­ly­wood. Khan con­trib­uted the song “Gu­rus of Peace” to the album Vande Mataram, com­posed by A. R. Rah­man, and re­leased to cel­e­brate the 50th an­niver­sary of In­dia’s in­de­pen­dence. As a post­hu­mous trib­ute, Rah­man later re­leased an album ti­tled Gu­rus of Peace, which fea­tured “Al­lah Hoo” by Khan. Rah­man’s. He died of a sud­den car­diac ar­rest at Cromwell Hospi­tal, Lon­don on 16 Au­gust 1997.

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