Don­ald Trump de­clares US with­drawal from Iran nu­clear deal

The Miracle - - National & Int -

US Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump has an­nounced that the United States is ef­fec­tively with­draw­ing from the Iran nu­clear deal, de­fy­ing last-ditch diplo­matic ef­forts by his Euro­pean al­lies to con­vince him oth­er­wise. “I made clear that if the deal could not be fixed, the United States would no longer be a party to the agree­ment,” Trump said in a highly-an­tic­i­pated ad­dress on Tues­day. “The Iran deal is de­fec­tive at its core. If we do noth­ing, we will know what ex­actly will hap­pen. “There­fore, I am an­nounc­ing to­day, that the United States will with­draw from the Iran nu­clear deal,” he said. Un­der the deal signed in Vi­enna with six world pow­ers - the US, U., France, Ger­many, Rus­sia, China and the Euro­pean Union - Iran scaled back its ura­nium en­rich­ment pro­gramme and promised not to pur­sue nu­clear weapons. In ex­change, in­ter­na­tional sanctions were lifted, al­low­ing it to sell its oil and gas world­wide. How­ever, sec­ondary US sanctions re­main. The In­ter­na­tional Atomic En­ergy Agency IAEA) has re­peat­edly con­firmed that Tehran has been meet­ing its nu­clear com­mit­ments fully. A White House state­ment is­sued af­ter Trump’s speech said the US pres­i­dent directed his “ad­min­is­tra­tion to im­me­di­ately be­gin the process of re-im­pos­ing sanctions” re­lated to the deal, for­mally known as the Joint Com­pre­hen­sive Plan of Ac­tion JCPOA). “The re-im­posed sanctions will tar­get crit­i­cal sec­tors of Iran’s econ­omy, such as its en­ergy, petro­chem­i­cal, and fi­nan­cial sec­tors.” Trump’s de­ci­sion ful­fills a cam­paign prom­ise to can­cel the 2015 pact, which he has re­peat­edly de­scribed as “the worst deal ever”. Hours be­fore his speech, the White House said Trump called French Pres­i­dent Em­manuel Macron to dis­cuss his de­ci­sion. US Vice Pres­i­dent Mike Pence has also in­formed mem­bers of Congress about the with­drawal. Ear­lier on Tues­day, Ira­nian Pres­i­dent Has­san Rouhani said that Tehran “will over­come” any “prob­lems” it could face in the com­ing months. Thomas Coun­try­man, for­mer US as­sis­tant sec­re­tary of state who helped ne­go­ti­ate the deal, said with­draw­ing from the deal will fur­ther thrust the Mid­dle East into the path of in­sta­bil­ity. Coun­try­man said with Trump’s de­ci­sion, the US be­comes the first of the seven par­ties who is vi­o­lat­ing the agree­ment. “That would be a se­ri­ous case of for­eign pol­icy mal­prac­tice, and it would have sev­eral ef­fects that would play out very slowly.” He also said the US is now left with di­min­ished cred­i­bil­ity to ne­go­ti­ate a bet­ter deal, while mak­ing ne­go­ti­a­tions with North .orea “more com­pli­cated”. Re­gard­less of Trump’s de­ci­sion, the other par­ties to the Iran deal have said they will not abandon it. In a joint state­ment ear­lier on Tues­day, the Euro­pean Union, Bri­tain, France and Ger­many said they met Ira­nian of­fi­cials in Brus­sels and reaf­firmed their sup­port “to the con­tin­ued full and ef­fec­tive im­ple­men­ta­tion of the JCPOA by all sides”. Mean­while, Rus­sia warned on Tues­day that a “very se­ri­ous si­t­u­a­tion” will emerge if Trump pulls out of the pact. For his part, Ali Fathol­lah-Ne­jad, an Iran ex­pert at Brook­ings Doha and the Ger­man Coun­cil on For­eign Re­la­tions, told Al Jazeera that there is an in­cen­tive in Tehran to keep the deal afloat de­spite Trump’s de­ci­sion. He said “a great por­tion of the Ira­nian elite” who ben­e­fited from the post-deal busi­ness would want the deal to sur­vive. On the other hand, some hard­line fac­tions do not mind the deal’s col­lapse, he said. Since Trump as­sumed of­fice in Jan­uary 2017, he had taken sev­eral steps to block the deal. In Oc­to­ber, he refused to cer­tify that Iran is liv­ing up to the ac­cord. He also tar­geted sev­eral Ira­nian busi­nesses and in­di­vid­u­als with new sanctions. On Jan­uary 12, Trump an­nounced he was waiv­ing the US sanctions for the “last time”. He said if his de­mands to “fix the deal” were not met within 120 days, the US would with­draw from the deal on or be­fore the dead­line.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Canada

© PressReader. All rights reserved.