Hajj & Eid ul Adha., Qurbani
This celebration takes place on the tenth of the 12th Muslim month (Dhul Hijja) and marks the end of the pilgrimage or Hajj. It is the “Feast of Sacrifice” which is also known as Baqri-Eid (the “Cow Festival”) because its most important feature is the sacrifice of an animal (cow, goat, sheep, or other appropriate beast) in commemoration of the ram sacrificed by Abraham in place of his son. The sacrificial animal should be healthy and free of defects and be more than one year old. This requirement can also be accomplished by donating the equivalent cost of the sacrificial animal to a reputable charity e.g., Islamic Relief, Human Appeal International or Muslim Aid which arranges for its distribution throughout the Muslim world where there is greatest need. The command to perform sacrifices is given in Surah 22.36 and although no specific day is fixed in the Qur’an the sacrificing of animals was already practiced on the last day of the pilgrimage by the pre-Islamic Arabs and this practice has been duly retained. On this day Muslims throughout the world symbolize their willingness to sacrifice their life and property in the name of God and for the cause of Islam. Celebrations begin with special congregational Prayers (salah) followed by a sermon called a Khutbah. The Prayers are held between sunrise and noon, usually early in the morning. Community prayers are held, new clothes are worn, and presents are offered. Families visit the deceased at the cemeteries and offer meat and food to the poor and needy. It is a family occasion and great emphasis is placed on all members of the extended family to support the festivities with their presence. Fasting on Eid-ul-Adha is forbidden as it defeats the whole purpose of the festival, because food is to be eaten on this day with a cheerful heart in remembrance of God’s bounty and provision for mankind. Eid Al-Adha, during the Hajj season, lasts for three days. Eid Al-Adha (also known as the Greater Bairam) during the Hajj season. These celebrations begin with special congregational Prayers (salah) followed by a sermon called a Khutbah. The Prayers are held between sunrise and noon, usually early in the morning. It is a highly recommended sunnah to attend these Prayers. It is also sunnah to hold them outside of the mosque, such as in a park, if possible. It is sunnah to make ghusl (cleansing of the body) before attending, and to wear one’s best clean clothes, even new clothes if possible. Men (but not women) should also apply perfume before the Prayers. Women who are unable to perform salah (ritual Prayer) should attend the `Eid Prayer and sit in the back behind those who are praying so that they can enjoy the festivities of the day.
The Sunnah Action On The Day Of Eid ul Adha
1. One should wake up early. 2. It is Mustahab for those who are sacrificing an animal not to eat anything on the morning of Eid-ul-Adha till they sacrifice the animal and partake of the meat of the sacrificed animal. 3. One should make Ghusal, wear new clothes and use Itr before going for Eid Salaah. 4. One should try and be as early as possible in the Masjid or Eid Gah (open ground for performing Eid Salaah). 5. One should read the Takbeer softly while going to the Masjid or Eid Gah on the day of Eid 6. The Takbeer should be read loudly on the day of Eid-ul-Adha. 7. It is preferable that one uses different routes in traveling to and from the Masjid or Eid Gah.
The Time Of Eid Salaah
1. The time of Eid Salaah begins just after sunrise and continues up to Zawaal. 2. No Nafil Salaah should be read before the Eid Salaah. 3. No Azaan or Iqaamah is given for Eid Salaah. Remember the Method Of Performing The Eid Salaah In general, when praying any Salah, always follow the Imam in prayer. Do not make your movements (i.e. bowing, prostrating, etc.) before he does or different from him. Eid prayer consists of two units (Rakat in Arabic, singular is Raka). The main difference in the way this prayer and any other prayer of two Rakat is performed is the number of Takbirs that are done. Takbirs is an the Arabic word referring to when “Allahu Akbar” is said and the hands are raised to the ears. Make an intention of doing two Rakat behind the Imam for Eid prayer along with six additional Takbirs.
The First Raka
1: After the Imam has said “Allahu Akbar” the first time, you should raise your hands and follow. This is the first Takbir of the prayer. 2: There will be 3 Takbirs before the Imam starts reciting Quran. Each time the Imam says “Allahu Akbar”, you should follow by raising your hands, then putting them on your sides. 3: After the third Takbir, the Imam will begin reciting the Quran. At that point, you should put your hands on your chest, with your right hand on top of the left. 4: Listen to the recitation of the Holy Quran. The Imam will recite Surah Al Fatiha (the first Surah of the Quran) and then another Surah. 5: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Ruku (the bowing position). 6: Stand up straight when he says Sami Allahu liman Hamidah (Allah hears those who praise Him), and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” (our Lord praise be to You) in a low voice. 7: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Sujud (prostration). You will do two prostrations as in normal prayer.
The Second Raka
8: The Imam will first recite from the Holy Quran (first Surah Al Fatiha and another Surah. 9: After the recitation, before going into Ruku, there will be 3 Takbirs. Follow the Imam. Raise your hands after each “Allahu Akbar”. After the third Takbir, go into Ruku (the bowing position). 10: Stand up straight when the Imam says Sami Allah huliman Hamidah, and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” in a low voice. 11: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Sujud. You will do two prostrations. 12: After this, you sit for the complete Tashshahud. 13: After the Imam ends the prayer by turning to his face to the right first and saying “Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullah” and then to his left and doing the same, you should follow. 14: Do not get up right away. The Imam will give a short Khutbah (speech). The Khutbah is Sunnah and it is Waajib to listen to them. There is a short break between the Khutbah. During Khutbah, all talking or reading is forbidden. 15: After Imam Khutbah say Eid greetings each others.
Importance Of Eid
Eid-ul-Adha is the celebration of sacrifice, and it is important for two reasons. First, during Eid-ul-Adha we remember the spirit of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) and how he was willing to sacrifice the person he loved the most, because it was Allah’s command which he had to obey no matter what! Second, Eid-ul-Adha ends the period of Hajj (the 5th pillar of Islam ). Every year, about 3 million people go to Mecca and perform the pilgrimage together. To be actually so near the Kabah is to be closest to Allah. Its a entirely out of the world experience!! Celebrating Eid-ul-Adha with your family and friends is similar to that of Eid-ul-Fitr. Eid a Thanksgiving Day Each ‘Eid is a Thanksgiving Day where the Muslims assemble in a brotherly and joyful atmosphere to offer their gratitude to Allah for helping them to fulfil their spiritual obligations prior to the ‘Eid. This form of thanksgiving is not confined to spiritual devotion and verbal expressions. It goes far beyond that to manifest itself in the shape of social and humanitarian spirit. This Islamic form of thanksgiving is a wholesome and rare combination of spiritual devotion and humanitarian benevolence.
Eid a Day of remembrance
Each ‘Eid is a Day of remembrance. The Muslims pray to Allah and glorify His name in an act of remembrance of His favors. Along with that ,they remember the deceased by praying for their souls, the needy by extending a helping hand, the grieved by sympathizing with them, the sick by cheerful visits and utterances of good wishes, the absentees by cordial greetings and sincere considerateness. Thus the meaning of remembrance on the Day transcends all constraints and expands over far-reaching dimensions of human life.