The com­pas­sion of the Prophet to­wards

The Miracle - - front page - BY: MAJD ARBIL SOURCE: IS­LAMICITY

Prophet Muham­mad started the mes­sage of Is­lam in Ara­bia at a time when hu­man rights had no mean­ing, might was right and the so­ci­ety was en­trenched in pa­gan­ism. In this en­vi­ron­ment, Prophet Muham­mad taught a mes­sage of jus­tice, peace, hu­man rights, an­i­mal rights and even en­vi­ron­men­tal rights as or­dained by God, the One True Cre­ator of all that is in the uni­verse. God has shown us in the char­ac­ter of Prophet Muham­mad the model of a com­pan­ion­ate per­son. He treated every­one, friends and foe, man and wo­man, young and old, with kind­ness and re­spect. Even when the pa­gan Arabs re­acted to the mes­sage of the Prophet with ex­treme ha­tred he showed love and kind­ness. The fol­low­ing ex­am­ples from the life of the Prophet show us how we should re­act when faced with ha­tred. We can see one of the most pa­tient and tol­er­ant as­pects of the Prophet’s char­ac­ter in the in­ci­dent of an old wo­man who made a habit of throw­ing trash in the way of the Holy Prophet Muham­mad when­ever he passed by her house. The story re­lated about this in­ci­dent, men­tions a neigh­bor of the Prophet that tried her best to ir­ri­tate him by throw­ing garbage in his way ev­ery day. One day, when he walked out of his home there was no garbage. This made the Prophet in­quire about the old wo­man and he came to know that she was sick. The Prophet went to visit her and of­fer any as­sis­tance she might need. The old wo­man was ex­tremely hum­bled and at the same time ashamed of her ac­tions in light of the con­cern that the Prophet showed her. By see­ing the ex­am­ple of com­pas­sion of Prophet Muham­mad , she be­came con­vinced that Is­lam must be a true re­li­gion that the Prophet was preach­ing. 1 An­other in­ci­dent that is re­ported from the life of the Prophet is when the Prophet trav­eled to a neigh­bor­ing town of Taif. In Taif he thought he might find peo­ple who might be re­spectable to the mes­sage of Almighty God. The peo­ple of Taif turned out to be as hate­ful as the peo­ple of Makkah. The el­ders of the town planned an or­ga­nized cam­paign to ridicule the Prophet. To es­ca­late their dis­ap­proval of the Prophet and pre­vent him from preach­ing Is­lam, they set a group of chil­dren and vagabonds be­hind him. They pestered him and threw stones at him. Tired, for­saken and wounded, he sought refuge in a nearby gar­den. It be­longed to Atabah and Shaibah, two wealthy chiefs of Qu­raish. They were both there when Prophet Muham­mad en­tered and sat un­der a dis­tant tree. The Prophet raised his face to­wards heaven and prayed: “O Almighty! I raise unto you my com­plaint for my weak­ness, my help­less­ness, and for the ridicule to which I have been sub­jected. O Mer­ci­ful! You are the Mas­ter of all op­pressed peo­ple, You are my God! So to whom would You con­sign me? To the strangers who would ill-treat me, or to the en­e­mies who have an up­per hand over me? If what­ever has be­fallen me is not be­cause of Your wrath, then I fear not. No doubt, the field of Your se­cu­rity and care is wide enough for me. I seek refuge in Your light which il­lu­mi­nates dark­ness and straight­ens the af­fairs of this world and hereafter, that Your dis­plea­sure and wrath may not de­scend upon me. For the sake of Your plea­sure, I re­main pleased and re­signed to my fate. No change in this world oc­curs with­out Your Will.” As the Prophet picked the grapes he said: “Bis­mil­lahir Rah­maanir Rahim” (In the Name of God, the Most Mer­ci­ful, the Most Com­pas­sion­ate). Adaas had never heard this be­fore. He was im­pressed by it, be­cause the Prophet was in­vok­ing mercy and com­pas­sion of Almighty in spite of all the hard­ship he was sub­jected to. “Who are you?” Adaas asked. Muham­mad replied, “I am the Prophet of God. Where do you come from?” The ser­vant said: “I am Adaas, a Chris­tian. I come from Nainava.” “Nainava? You come from a place where my brother Yunus bin Mati (Jonah son of Mati) lived,” the Prophet said. Adaas was sur­prised to hear the name. “What do you know of Yunus? Here no one seems to know him. Even in Nainava there were hardly ten peo­ple who knew his fa­ther’s name.” The Prophet said: “Yes, I know him be­cause just like me, he was a Prophet of Almighty God.” Adaas fell on his knees be­fore the Prophet , kissed his hand and em­braced him. It is fur­ther re­ported that af­ter the Prophet took refuge from the stone throw­ing mob, An­gel Ji­brael came to the Prophet and asked him if he so wished Ji­brael would give the com­mand to bury the city be­tween two moun­tains. Al­though the prophet had suf- fered a great deal at the hands of these peo­ple, l he h replied l d that h he h dd did not wish hd de­struc­tion for the peo­ple of Taif be­cause maybe their off­spring would pro­claim the re­li­gion of truth. 2 The Is­lamic scholar Imam Ghaz­ali (1058 - 1111 C.E.) sum­ma­rizes the in­for­ma­tion he col­lected in the ha­dith re­gard­ing our Prophet’s com­pas­sion­ate at­ti­tude to all those around him as fol­lows: “He was far from know­ing anger and quickly showed com­pas­sion for things. He was the most lov­ing of men to­ward other peo­ple. He was the most aus­pi­cious of men and did the most good to oth­ers, and the most use­ful and ben­e­fi­cial to oth­ers.” 3 The Qu­ran says that Prophet was sent asa mercy to hu­mankind. If we are to honor the Prophet , it will be by adopt­ing the sub­lime char­ac­ter of our Prophet and not through the emo­tions of anger and hate. Ref­er­ences: 1. Ab­dul Wahid Hamid, (2004) Is­lam the Nat­u­ral Way. UK: Mus­lim Ed­u­ca­tion and Lit­er­ary Ser­vices. 2. Al-Bukhari and Mus­lim 3. (Imam Ghaz­ali, Ihya’u Ulu­mid­din, Vol. 2)

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