His­tory of Hi­jrah:

The Miracle - - Na­tional & Int - SOURCE: IS­LAM­IC­ITY

teen hun­dred fol­low­ers were able to de­mand ac­cess to the .a’bah dur­ing ne­go­ti­a­tions with the Mec­cans. This was a mile­stone in the his­tory of the Mus­lims. Just a short time be­fore, Muham­mad had to leave the city of his birth in fear of his life. Now he was be­ing treated by his for­mer en­e­mies as a leader in his own right. A year later, in 62 , he reen­tered and, in ef­fect, con­quered Mecca without blood­shed and in a spirit of tol­er­ance which es­tab­lished an ideal for fu­ture con­quests. He also de­stroyed the idols in the .a’bah, to put an end for­ever to pa­gan prac­tices there. At the same time, Muham­mad won the al­le­giance of ‘Amr ibn al-’As, the fu­ture con­queror of (gypt, and .halid ibn al-Walid, the fu­ture “Sword of God,” both of whom em­braced Is­lam and joined Muham­mad . Their con­ver­sion was es­pe­cially note­wor­thy be­cause these men had been among Muham­mad’s bit­ter­est opponents only a short time be­fore. In one sense Muham­mad’s re­turn to Mecca was the cli­max of his mis­sion. In 632, just three years later, he was sud­denly taken ill and on June 8 of that year, with his third wife ‘Aishah in at­ten­dance, the Mes­sen­ger of God “died with the heat of noon.” The death of Muham­mad was a pro­found loss. To his fol­low­ers this sim­ple man from Mecca was far more than a beloved friend, far more than a gifted ad­min­is­tra­tor, far more than the revered leader who had forged a new state from clus­ters of war­ring tribes. Muham­mad was also the ex­em­plar of the teach­ings he had brought them from God: the teach­ings of the Qu­ran, which, for cen­turies, have guided the thought and ac­tion, the faith and con­duct, of in­nu­mer­able men and women, and which ush­ered in a dis­tinc­tive era in the his­tory of mankind. His death, nev­er­the­less, had lit­tle ef­fect on the dy­namic so­ci­ety he had cre­ated in Ara­bia, and no ef­fect at all on his cen­tral mis­sion: to trans­mit the Qu­ran to the world. As Abu Bakr put it: “Who­ever wor­shipped Muham­mad , let him know that Muham­mad is dead, but who­ever wor­shipped God, let him know that God lives and dies not.” This ar­ti­cle has been in­cor­po­rated from “ARAMCO and Its World: Ara­bia And The Mid­dle (ast”, (dited by Is­mail I. Nawwab, Peter C. Speers & Paul F. Hoye

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