Par­ents: 15 Sim­ple Win­ter Safety Tips for Kids

The Miracle - - Health - Source: health.cleve­land­

How to keep kids warm, healthy and safe Con­trib­u­tor: Ra­jyalak­shmi Ramb­hatla, MD Win­ter can bring lots of fam­ily fun — whether this in­volves sled­ding and romp­ing around in the snow or just hang­ing around to­gether at home. Here are a few ideas I give to par­ents to keep their kids warm, healthy and safe dur­ing win­ter. How to dress your kids (not like lit­tle adults) Par­ents with ba­bies and younger kids should: 1. Ad­just win­ter clothes for chil­dren’s needs. Dress ba­bies and young chil­dren in one more layer of cloth­ing than an adult would wear in the same con­di­tions. 2. Keep ex­po­sure to the cold at a min­i­mum. Ba­bies and young chil­dren don’t have the same tol­er­ance for cold that adults do. It’s im­por­tant to limit time out­side. 3. Don’t for­get win­ter ac­ces­sories. Re­mem­ber warm boots, gloves or mit­tens and a hat, which make a big dif­fer­ence in keeping young chil­dren and ba­bies com­fort­able. Sim­ple ways to avoid win­ter colds It’s a com­mon myth that cold weather causes colds, but it does not. Colds are caused mainly by viruses that we are more com­monly ex­posed to in the win­ter. Viruses are spread even more eas­ily when chil­dren are in school and in close con­tact with each other, typ­i­cally through res­pi­ra­tory droplets in the air and on hands. Pre­vent colds and the flu by get­ting kids to: 4. Use soap and water. Wash­ing their hands fre­quently will re­duce the spread of germs. 5. Cover their mouth. Sneez­ing or cough­ing into the bend of their el­bows also helps pre­vent spread­ing germs. 6. Get im­mu­nized. Keep vac­ci­na­tions cur­rent, in­clud­ing the flu shot (for chil­dren 6 months and older). Be safe on sleds and snow tubes 7. Al­ways su­per­vise chil­dren. In­juries can oc­cur quickly when kids are sled­ding or snow tub­ing. It’s im­por­tant to keep a close eye on them. 8. Keep away from mo­tor ve­hi­cles. Of­ten, sled­ding led­ding hills are not far from high­ways or roads. d It’s ’ im­por­tant to keep k a safe fd dis­tance. 9. Sled in proper ‘form.’ Kids can pre­vent in­juries by sled­ding feet first or sit­ting up, in­stead of ly­ing down head-first. 10. Find a clear area. Pick a sled­ding lo­ca­tion that is clear of ob­struc­tions like trees or fences and is cov­ered in snow. 11. Choose a good sled­ding hill. A sled­ding hill should not be too steep, with a slope of less than 30 de­grees, and should end with a flat runoff. Be safe on skis and snow boards 12. Dress in lay­ers. If you be­gin to sweat, re­move lay­ers as needed to stay dry. Wet clothes can cause your body to chill and can lead to hy­pother­mia or frost­bite. 13. Wear a hel­met. It’s im­por­tant to pro­tect your head from in­jury. 14. Pro­tect skin. Keep your skin from be­ing ex­posed to harsh tem­per­a­tures to avoid frost­bite. Be es­pe­cially care­ful with small ar­eas of your body, such as your hands, feet and ears. 15. Be aware of weather con­di­tions. Con­sider go­ing in­side if the tem­per­a­ture drops be­low 0 de­grees F (-17.8 C). Be aware of frost­bite symp­toms. If you no­tice your child skin turn­ing red or be­com­ing numb, move to a warmer lo­ca­tion and pro­tect them from fur­ther ex­po­sure. Use warm water or blan­kets to raise their body tem­per­a­ture. In win­ter, there are lots of op­tions for fun. En­joy the snow, and stay safe.

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