10 Quick Facts on Remembrance day

The Miracle - - Canada -

Remembrance Day was first ob­served in 1919 through­out the British Com­mon­wealth. It was orig­i­nally called “Armistice Day” to com­mem­o­rate armistice agree­ment that ended the First World War on Mon­day, Novem­ber 11, 1918, at 11 a.m.— on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. . From 1921 to 1930, Armistice Day was held on the Mon­day of the week in which Novem­ber 11 fell. In 1931, Alan Neill, Mem­ber of Par­lia­ment for Co­mox–Al­berni, in­tro­duced a bill to ob­serve Armistice Day only on Novem­ber 11. Passed by the House of Com­mons, the bill also changed the name to “Remembrance Day”. The first Remembrance Day was ob­served on Novem­ber 11, 1931. . Ev­ery year on Novem­ber 11, Cana­di­ans pause in a mo­ment of si­lence to hon­our and re­mem­ber the men and women who have served, and con­tinue to serve Canada dur­ing times of war, con­flict and peace. We re­mem­ber the more than 1,500,000 Cana­di­ans who have served through­out our na­tion’s his­tory and the more than 118,000 who made the ul­ti­mate sac­ri­fice. . The poppy is the sym­bol of Remembrance Day. Replica pop­pies are sold by the Royal Cana­dian Le­gion to pro­vide as­sis­tance to Vet­er­ans. 5. Remembrance Day is a fed­eral statu­tory holiday in Canada. It is also a statu­tory holiday in three ter­ri­to­ries (Yukon, North­west Ter­ri­to­ries and Nunavut) and in six prov­inces (British Columbia, Al­berta, Saskatchewan, New Brunswick, Prince Ed­ward Is­land and New­found­land and Labrador). . The na­tional cer­e­mony is held at the Na­tional War Me­mo­rial in Ot­tawa. The Gov­er­nor Gen­eral of Canada pre­sides over the cer­e­mony. It is also at­tended by the Prime Min­is­ter, other gov­ern­ment of­fi­cials, rep­re­sen­ta­tives of Vet­er­ans’ or­ga­ni­za­tions, diplo­matic rep­re­sen­ta­tives, other dig­ni­taries, Vet- er­ans as well as the gen­eral pub­lic. 7. In ad­vance of the cer­e­mony, long columns of Vet­er­ans, Cana­dian Armed Forces mem­bers, RCMP of­fi­cers, and cadets march to the me­mo­rial lead by a pipe band and a colour guard. At the end of the cer­e­mony, they march away to of­fi­cially close the cer­e­mony. 8. Some of the 54 Com­mon­wealth mem­ber states, such as Canada, the United King­dom and Aus­tralia, ob­serve the tra­di­tion of Remembrance Day on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. Other na­tions ob­serve a solemn day but at dif­fer­ent dates. For ex­am­ple, AN­ZAC Day is ob­served in New Zealand on April 25. In South Africa, Poppy Day is marked on the Sun­day that falls clos­est to Novem­ber 11. 9. Many na­tions that are not mem­bers of the Com­mon­wealth also ob­serve Remembrance Day on Novem­ber 11, in­clud­ing France, Bel­gium and Poland. 0. The United States used to com­mem­o­rate Armistice Day on Novem­ber . How­ever, in 1954 they changed the name to Vet­er­ans Day. 7he 3oSSy The Poppy Cam­paign be­gins on the last Fri­day in Oc­to­ber and con­tin­ues through to Novem­ber 11th. The Lapel Poppy can be worn ev­ery day of the Poppy Cam­paign and is re­moved at the end of the Remembrance Day cer­e­mony. Many peo­ple place their poppy on a wreath or at the base of the ceno­taph or me­mo­rial as a sign of re­spect at the end of the cer­e­mony. The poppy may be worn at com­mem­o­ra­tive events through­out the year, such as an­niver­saries of sig­nif­i­cant bat­tles, a me­mo­rial ser­vice, and other sim­i­lar oc­ca­sions. (Event or­ga­niz­ers should seek ad­vice from the Royal Cana­dian Le­gion on the use of the poppy for events out­side of the Poppy Cam­paign.) The Royal Cana­dian Le­gion sug­gests that the poppy be worn on the left lapel of a gar­ment and as close to the heart as pos­si­ble. The poppy be­came wide­spread in Europe af­ter soils in France and Bel­gium be­came rich in lime from de­bris and rub­ble from the fight­ing dur­ing the First World War. These lit­tle red flow­ers also flour­ished around the gravesites of the war dead. In 1915, John McCrae, a doc­tor serv­ing with the Cana­dian Ar­tillery, fa­mously made note of this phe­nom­e­non in his poem, In Flan­ders Fields. On Satur­day Novem­ber 9, 1918, two days be­fore the Armistice, Moina Michael was on duty in the read­ing room at the YMCA Over­seas War Sec­re­taries’ head­quar­ters in New York—a place where U.S. ser­vice­men would of­ten gather with friends and fam­ily to say their good­byes be­fore they went over­seas. Af­ter read­ing McCrae’s poem, Moina made a per­sonal pledge to al­ways wear the red poppy of Flan­ders Fields as a sign of remembrance and for “keeping the faith with all who died.” In 1920, Anna Guérin—the French Poppy Lady—at­tended the na­tional Amer­i­can Le­gion con­ven­tion as a rep­re­sen­ta­tive of France’s YMCA Sec­re­tariat. She was in­spired by Moina Michael’s idea of the poppy as a me­mo­rial flower and felt that the scope of the Me­mo­rial Poppy could be ex­panded to help the needy. She sug­gested that ar­ti­fi­cial pop­pies could be made and sold as a way of rais­ing money for the ben­e­fit of or­phaned chil­dren and oth­ers who had suf­fered greatly as a re­sult of the war. In 1921, Madame Guérin vis­ited Canada and con­vinced the Great War Vet­er­ans As­so­ci­a­tion of Canada (pre­de­ces­sor to the Royal Cana­dian Le­gion) to adopt the poppy as a sym­bol of remembrance in aid of fundrais­ing; which it did on July 5th of that year. To­day, the Poppy Cam­paign is one of the Royal Cana­dian Le­gion’s most im­por­tant pro­grams. The money raised from do­na­tions pro­vides direct as­sis­tance for Vet­er­ans in fi­nan­cial dis­tress, as well as fund­ing for med­i­cal equip­ment, med­i­cal re­search, home ser­vices, long term care fa­cil­i­ties and many other pur­poses.

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