TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1860, John A. Macdonald introduced the first “speaking tour” to Canadian politics.
In 1864, the first shipment of lumber from British Columbia to Australia marked the beginning of a big export trade.
In 1872, the first train from Saint John, N.B., to Halifax inaugurated the Intercolonial Railway between the two provinces.
In 1918, Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated and Germany was proclaimed a republic, two days before the end of the First World War.
In 1935, the Congress of Industrial Organizations
(CIO) was formed by the unskilled workers in massproduction industries. It merged with AFL in 1955 to jointly face new developments such as automation.
In 1938, more than 30,000 Jews were arrested and synagogues and Jewish businesses were destroyed throughout Germany in what has become known as Kristallnacht, or Night of the Broken Glass. About 2,000-2,500 deaths were directly or indirectly attributable to the pogrom.
In 1951, the first U.S. underground atomic bomb explosion took place in Frenchman Flat, Nev.
In 1965, the Canadian satellite, Alouette 2 was launched.
In 1965, a failure of a relay device of Ontario Hydro’s Queenston generating station triggered a massive power failure. The outage extended from the Atlantic coast of the United States to Chicago, and from southern Ontario to Florida, lasting up to 12 hours.
In 1972, Anik-1, Canada’s first domestic communications satellite, roared into orbit atop a Delta rocket.