TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Observer (Sarnia) - - NEWS -

In AD 374, Am­brose, an early church fa­ther, was con­se­crated Bishop of

Mi­lan, Italy. His in­flu­en­tial works on the­ol­ogy and ethics made him — along with Jerome, Au­gus­tine, and Gre­gory the Great — one of the “four doc­tors” of the West­ern (Latin) Church.

In 1661, un­der pres­sure from the Bri­tish Par­lia­ment, the Amer­i­can colony of Mas­sachusetts sus­pended its Cor­po­ral Pun­ish­ment

Act of 1656, which had im­posed harsh penal­ties on Quak­ers and other re­li­gious Non­con­formists.

In 1729, 1.2 mil­lion hectares — in­clud­ing Nor­folk, Went­worth and Haldimand coun­ties of On­tario — were sur­ren­dered by the Mis­sis­sauga In­di­ans.

In 1770, Sa­muel Hearne left the Prince of Wales

Fort at Hud­son Bay on an ex­pe­di­tion that would make him the first Euro­pean to see the Arc­tic Ocean.

In 1787, Delaware be­came the first U.S. state.

In 1829, the Bri­tish rulers of In­dia out­lawed the cus­tom of sut­tee — the im­mo­la­tion of widows on their hus­bands’ fu­neral pyres.

In 1837, the re­bel­lion in Up­per Canada erupted into vi­o­lence when gov­ern­ment of­fi­cials were shot at Mont­gomery’s Tav­ern just out­side Toronto.

In 1876, the Cana­dian steamship North­ern Light be­gan the first reg­u­lar ser­vice from P.E.I. to the main­land.

In 1877, the first suc­cess­ful gramo­phone was demon­strated. It was in­vented by Thomas Edi­son and built by his me­chanic, John Kruesi.

In 1995, Bri­tish Columbia’s NDP gov­ern­ment be­came the first in Canada to or­der au­tomak­ers to pro­duce less-pol­lut­ing ve­hi­cles.

In 1907, Christ­mas Seals were sold for the first time in the United States to help fight tu­ber­cu­lo­sis. The seals went on sale for the first time ever in Den­mark in 1904 and were the idea of Copen­hagen post­man Ei­nar Hol­boell.

The seals first ap­peared in Canada in 1908.

In 1916, David Lloyd Ge­orge be­came prime minister of Bri­tain.

In 1941, Ja­panese planes be­gan their at­tack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Har­bor (Hawaii). Over 300 Ja­panese planes from air­craft car­ri­ers at­tacked in waves. Eight bat­tle­ships were sunk or dis­abled, and al­most 200 planes were de­stroyed be­fore they could get off the ground. About

2,500 soldiers and civil­ians were killed. Hours later, Canada de­clared war on Ja­pan -- the first of the West­ern al­lies to do so. The United States, Bri­tain and other al­lied coun­tries fol­lowed the next day. The United States de­clared war on Ja­pan’s al­lies Ger­many and Italy on Dec. 11.

In 1953, the Ford Mo­tor Com­pany an­nounced reg­u­lar pro­duc­tion of the first trans­par­ent top au­to­mo­bile.

In 1960, the RCMP told Jus­tice Minister Davie Ful­ton that De­fence Minister Pierre Se­vi­gny was hav­ing an af­fair with East Ger­man pros­ti­tute Gerda Mun­singer. Se­vi­gny ended the af­fair, no fur­ther ac­tion was taken and the in­ci­dent re­mained se­cret for six years when it be­came a ma­jor scan­dal.

In 1960, more than 20 economists from Cana­dian univer­si­ties urged the fed­eral gov­ern­ment to fire James Coyne, gover­nor of the Bank of Canada. In an open let­ter ad­dressed to Fi­nance Minister Don­ald Flem­ing, the economists cited their lack of con­fi­dence in the poli­cies of the cen­tral bank. Coyne ini­tially re­fused to quit, but when con­fronted with a bill fir­ing him, he stepped down on July 13, 1961.

In 1965, the Ro­man Catholic and Greek Ortho­dox churches for­mally rec­on­ciled them­selves by re­vers­ing a mu­tual ex­com­mu­ni­ca­tion of each other, dat­ing back over 900 years to July 1054.

In 1972, Amer­ica’s last Moon mis­sion be­gan, as “Apollo 17” blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla.

In 1972, Imelda Mar­cos, wife of Philip­pine Pres­i­dent Fer­di­nand Mar­cos, was stabbed and wounded by an as­sailant who was then shot dead by her body­guards.

In 1975, Cal­gary’s Ken Read be­came the first Cana­dian male to win a World

Cup Alpine ski race when he cap­tured the down­hill in Val-d’Isere, France.

In 1982, Charles Brooks Jr., a pris­oner on death row at a Huntsville, Texas, prison, be­came the first per­son in the U.S. to be ex­e­cuted by lethal in­jec­tion.

In 1982, Cana­dian sprinter Harry Jerome died at age 42. He was the first man to hold both the world 100-yard and 100-me­tre records, and won the 100-me­tre bronze medal at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics.

In 1983, in Madrid, Spain, an Avi­aco DC9 col­lided on a run­way with an Ibe­ria Air

Lines Boe­ing 727 that was ac­cel­er­at­ing for take­off, killing all 42 peo­ple aboard the DC9 and 51 aboard the Ibe­ria jet.

In 1985, Robert Graves, the English poet and nov­el­ist who wrote more than 135 nov­els and books of po­etry and crit­i­cism, in­clud­ing the his­tor­i­cal nov­els “I, Claudius” and “Claudius the God,” died in Spain at age 90.

In 1987, Soviet leader Mikhail Gor­bachev set foot on U.S. soil for the first time, ar­riv­ing for a Wash­ing­ton sum­mit with Pres­i­dent Ronald Rea­gan.

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