TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Observer (Sarnia) - - NEWS -

In 1569, Eng­land’s first state lot­tery was held to raise money for the con­struc­tion of har­bours.

In 1693, an earth­quake at Cata­nia, Italy, killed 60,000.

In 1759, Amer­ica’s first life in­sur­ance com­pany was founded. It was called the Cor­po­ra­tion for Re­lief of Poor and Dis­tressed

Wi­d­ows and Chil­dren of Pres­by­te­rian Min­is­ters.

In 1787, Sir Wil­liam Her­schel dis­cov­ered the moons of the planet Uranus.

In 1815, Sir John A. Mac­don­ald’s birth was reg­is­tered in Glas­gow, Scot­land. While he was ac­tu­ally born the day be­fore, on Jan. 10, this is the day com­monly cited to com­mem­o­rate the birth of Canada’s first prime min­is­ter. The lead­ing fig­ure in pro­mot­ing Con­fed­er­a­tion, Mac­don­ald served as prime min­is­ter from 1867-73 and from 1878 un­til his death in 1891. He ad­vo­cated re­cip­ro­cal trade agree­ments with the United States, worked for strong bonds with Britain and over­saw the build­ing of the Cana­dian Pa­cific Rail­way.

In 1944, Count Galeazzo Ciano, son-in-law of Ital­ian dic­ta­tor Ben­ito Mus­solini, and four oth­ers were ex­e­cuted in Verona for trea­son.

In 1947, the Cana­dian govern­ment lifted price con­trols on a wide list of goods, but re­tained con­trols on food, cloth­ing, fuel and rent.

In 1949, San Diego, Calif., had the first snow­fall in its 99-year weather his­tory.

In 1964, Amer­i­can Sur­geon Gen­eral Luther Terry is­sued the first U.S. govern­ment re­port say­ing smok­ing may be haz­ardous to health.

In 1982, the CBC moved its na­tional news to 10 p.m. from 11 p.m. and in­tro­duced The Jour­nal. The land­mark show signed off for the last time on Oct. 30, 1992.

In 1897, Britain and the United States con­cluded a treaty to ar­bi­trate the bound­ary be­tween Alaska and Canada.

In 1908, the Grand Canyon Na­tional

Mon­u­ment was cre­ated with a procla­ma­tion by U.S. Pres­i­dent Theodore Roo­sevelt.

(It be­came a na­tional park in 1919.)

In 1909, Britain and the United States signed a treaty es­tab­lish­ing the In­ter­na­tional Joint Com­mis­sion. The com­mis­sion, made up of del­e­gates from Canada and the United States, man­ages the wa­ters of the Great Lakes with par­tic­u­lar at­ten­tion paid to pol­lu­tion is­sues.

In 1913, the first sedan-type au­to­mo­bile, a Hud­son, went on dis­play at a New York au­to­mo­bile show.

In 1914, the “Kar­luk,” one of three ships com­mis­sioned by Cana­dian explorer Vil­h­jal­mur Ste­fans­son, was crushed by ice in the Ber­ing Sea near Her­ald Is­land, north of Siberia. Ste­fans­son had left the ship be­fore the ac­ci­dent. Capt.

Robert Bartlett led the crew to safety on the ves­sel “Wrangel I” which strug­gled through ice to Alaska, where the sur­vivors were res­cued on Sept. 7, 1914. Six­teen died dur­ing the or­deal.

In 1922, the dis­cov­ery of in­sulin, used in the treat­ment of di­a­betes, was an­nounced in Toronto. It was dis­cov­ered by a re­search team com­posed of Fred­er­ick Bant­ing, Charles

Best, James Col­lip and J.J. Macleod.

In 1928, English writer Thomas

Hardy died at age 87.

In 1933, in Ham­burg, Ger­many, the Al­tona Con­fes­sion was is­sued by area pas­tors, of­fer­ing scrip­tural guide­lines for the Chris­tian life, in light of the con­fus­ing po­lit­i­cal sit­u­a­tion and the de­vel­op­ing Nazi in­flu­ence on the state church.

In 1935, avi­a­tor Amelia Earhart be­gan a trip from Honolulu to Oak­land, Calif., that made her the first woman to fly solo across the Pa­cific Ocean.

In 1942, Ja­pan de­clared war against the Nether­lands, the same day Ja­panese forces in­vaded the Dutch East Indies dur­ing the Sec­ond World War. In 1943, the United States and

Britain signed treaties re­lin­quish­ing ex­trater­ri­to­rial rights in China.

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