TO­DAY IN HISTORY

The Observer (Sarnia) - - NEWS -

In 1598, the Mar­quis de La Roche was awarded a fur trad­ing mo­nop­oly in the New World by the King of France.

In 1700, Mar­guerite Bour­geoys, Canada’s first woman saint, died in Mon­treal. In 1759, James Wolfe was pro­moted to ma­jor-gen­eral and com­man­der-in-chief of Bri­tish land forces for the planned in­va­sion of New France, which came later in the year. Wolfe was killed when his forces in­vaded Que­bec in Septem­ber 1759.

In 1773, the first pub­lic mu­seum in Amer­ica was or­ga­nized, in Charleston, S.C. In 1819, St. Boni­face Col­lege was founded at Red River in what was to be­come Man­i­toba. In 1842, the first is­sue of Prince Ed­ward Is­land’s The Is­lan­der was pub­lished.

In 1866, the Aero­nau­ti­cal So­ci­ety of Great Bri­tain was founded.

In 1910, Baroness Rosen, wife of the Rus­sian am­bas­sador to the U.S., pi­o­neered smok­ing by women in pub­lic at a

White House re­cep­tion.

In 1999, Car­toon­ist Todd McFar­lane paid US$3.05 mil­lion at auc­tion for Mark McGwire’s then-record 70th home run ball that he hit the pre­vi­ous fall. The home run record was bro­ken by Barry Bonds in 2001 when he hit 73.

In 1912, the first is­sue of “The Fi­nan­cial Post” was pub­lished by John Bayne Maclean, who also founded “Maclean’s” magazine. “The Fi­nan­cial Post” is now part of the “Na­tional Post” news­pa­per. In 1915, the U.S. House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives re­jected a pro­posal to give women the right to vote.

In 1916, a govern­ment or­der-in-coun­cil boosted the num­ber of Cana­dian sol­diers com­mit­ted to the First World War to 500,000.

In 1932, Hat­tie W. Car­away be­came the first woman elected to the U.S. Se­nate, after serv­ing out the re­main­der of the term of her late hus­band, Thad­deus.

In 1935, Amelia Earhart Put­nam set a record of 18 hours, 16 min­utes on a solo flight of 3,860 kilo­me­tres, from Honolulu to Cal­i­for­nia.

In 1942, U.S. pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt re-es­tab­lished the Na­tional War La­bor Board.

In 1945, Ger­man forces in Bel­gium re­treated dur­ing the “Bat­tle of the

Bulge” in the Se­cond World War.

In 1948, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that state law schools could not dis­crim­i­nate against ap­pli­cants on the ba­sis of race.

In 1951, Al­bert Guay of Que­bec City was hanged in Mon­treal for mur­der. Guay planted a time bomb aboard a Cana­dian Pa­cific Air­ways plane that killed 23 peo­ple, in­clud­ing his wife. Two ac­com­plices were also even­tu­ally hanged.

In 1953, Arch­bishop Paul-Emile Leger of Mon­treal was made a car­di­nal. Leger was or­dained in

1929 and worked in France and Ja­pan. He was known through­out Que­bec for sup­port­ing the poor and the sick. As a car­di­nal, he played an im­por­tant role at the Vat­i­can Coun­cil II in

Rome. In 1967, Leger stepped down from his po­si­tion in Mon­treal to work as a mis­sion­ary among lep­ers and hand­i­capped chil­dren in the African coun­try of Cameroon. He died in 1991. In 1953, the Ed­mon­ton Stock ex­change was opened.

In 1955, Canada and Ja­pan signed an agree­ment on trans-Pa­cific air routes.

In 1963, Lester B. Pear­son, leader of the Lib­eral op­po­si­tion, said Canada should hon­our its com­mit­ment to ac­cept U.S. nu­clear war­heads. In 1967, the Ro­man Catholic and Angli­can churches an­nounced the “first steps to­ward restor­ing full unity” -- bro­ken 400 years ear­lier. In 1969, the Boe­ing 747 jumbo jet made its first trans-At­lantic flight to Lon­don from New York. In 1969, quar­ter­back Joe Na­math led the

New York Jets to a stun­ning 16-7 up­set of the Bal­ti­more Colts in Su­per Bowl III in Mi­ami. Na­math, who had “guar­an­teed” vic­tory three days be­fore, passed for 206 yards against the Colts, who had lost only once all sea­son.

In 1970, Bi­afra sur­ren­dered to the fed­eral govern­ment of Nige­ria to end a 30-month civil war for se­ces­sion.

In 1976, mys­tery writer Dame Agatha Christie died in Walling­ford, Eng­land, at age 85.

In 1977, the Fed­eral Court of Canada up­held a fed­eral or­der re­strict­ing the use of French in Cana­dian air space.

In 1977, Karen Kain and Frank Au­gustyn be­came the first Cana­dian dancers to per­form with the Bol­shoi Bal­let in Moscow.

In 1984, a snow storm in south­ern On­tario cre­ated a mas­sive 200-car pileup on the

Queen El­iz­a­beth Way, which skirts the western end of Lake On­tario. The storms caused 89 in­juries and $1 mil­lion in dam­age.

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