TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1598, the Marquis de La Roche was awarded a fur trading monopoly in the New World by the King of France.
In 1700, Marguerite Bourgeoys, Canada’s first woman saint, died in Montreal. In 1759, James Wolfe was promoted to major-general and commander-in-chief of British land forces for the planned invasion of New France, which came later in the year. Wolfe was killed when his forces invaded Quebec in September 1759.
In 1773, the first public museum in America was organized, in Charleston, S.C. In 1819, St. Boniface College was founded at Red River in what was to become Manitoba. In 1842, the first issue of Prince Edward Island’s The Islander was published.
In 1866, the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain was founded.
In 1910, Baroness Rosen, wife of the Russian ambassador to the U.S., pioneered smoking by women in public at a
White House reception.
In 1999, Cartoonist Todd McFarlane paid US$3.05 million at auction for Mark McGwire’s then-record 70th home run ball that he hit the previous fall. The home run record was broken by Barry Bonds in 2001 when he hit 73.
In 1912, the first issue of “The Financial Post” was published by John Bayne Maclean, who also founded “Maclean’s” magazine. “The Financial Post” is now part of the “National Post” newspaper. In 1915, the U.S. House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote.
In 1916, a government order-in-council boosted the number of Canadian soldiers committed to the First World War to 500,000.
In 1932, Hattie W. Caraway became the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate, after serving out the remainder of the term of her late husband, Thaddeus.
In 1935, Amelia Earhart Putnam set a record of 18 hours, 16 minutes on a solo flight of 3,860 kilometres, from Honolulu to California.
In 1942, U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt re-established the National War Labor Board.
In 1945, German forces in Belgium retreated during the “Battle of the
Bulge” in the Second World War.
In 1948, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that state law schools could not discriminate against applicants on the basis of race.
In 1951, Albert Guay of Quebec City was hanged in Montreal for murder. Guay planted a time bomb aboard a Canadian Pacific Airways plane that killed 23 people, including his wife. Two accomplices were also eventually hanged.
In 1953, Archbishop Paul-Emile Leger of Montreal was made a cardinal. Leger was ordained in
1929 and worked in France and Japan. He was known throughout Quebec for supporting the poor and the sick. As a cardinal, he played an important role at the Vatican Council II in
Rome. In 1967, Leger stepped down from his position in Montreal to work as a missionary among lepers and handicapped children in the African country of Cameroon. He died in 1991. In 1953, the Edmonton Stock exchange was opened.
In 1955, Canada and Japan signed an agreement on trans-Pacific air routes.
In 1963, Lester B. Pearson, leader of the Liberal opposition, said Canada should honour its commitment to accept U.S. nuclear warheads. In 1967, the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches announced the “first steps toward restoring full unity” -- broken 400 years earlier. In 1969, the Boeing 747 jumbo jet made its first trans-Atlantic flight to London from New York. In 1969, quarterback Joe Namath led the
New York Jets to a stunning 16-7 upset of the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III in Miami. Namath, who had “guaranteed” victory three days before, passed for 206 yards against the Colts, who had lost only once all season.
In 1970, Biafra surrendered to the federal government of Nigeria to end a 30-month civil war for secession.
In 1976, mystery writer Dame Agatha Christie died in Wallingford, England, at age 85.
In 1977, the Federal Court of Canada upheld a federal order restricting the use of French in Canadian air space.
In 1977, Karen Kain and Frank Augustyn became the first Canadian dancers to perform with the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow.
In 1984, a snow storm in southern Ontario created a massive 200-car pileup on the
Queen Elizabeth Way, which skirts the western end of Lake Ontario. The storms caused 89 injuries and $1 million in damage.