Au­to­ma­tion is what’s re­ally be­hind roil­ing Amer­i­can anger

The Peterborough Examiner - - Opinion - GWYNNE DYER Gwynne Dyer’s new book is “Grow­ing Pains: The Fu­ture of Democ­racy (and Work).”

Barack Obama said of the U.S. mid-term elec­tions that “the char­ac­ter of our coun­try is on the bal­lot,” and the out­come proved him right.

The United States is a psy­cho­log­i­cal bas­ket case, more an­grily di­vided than at any time since the Viet­nam War.

It’s not evenly di­vided, of course.

The pop­u­lar vote saw the Democrats lead the Repub­li­cans na­tion­wide by an eight per cent mar­gin, but that trans­lated into only a mod­est gain in seats in the House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives and in state elec­tions be­cause of the ex­ten­sive ger­ry­man­der­ing of elec­toral dis­tricts in Repub­li­can-ruled states.

The more im­por­tant truth is that the Repub­li­can party is now al­most en­tirely in the hands of “white na­tion­al­ists,” and to­tally con­trolled by Don­ald Trump. It’s no longer “con­ser­va­tive.” It’s rad­i­cal right, with an anti-im­mi­grant, racist agenda and an au­thor­i­tar­ian style — and about 90 per cent of the Repub­li­cans in Con­gress are white males.

The Demo­cratic party is mul­ti­cul­tural, fem­i­nist (84 of the 100 women elected to the new House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives are Democrats), and even so­cial­ist. Only one-third of the Democrats in the new Con­gress will be white men — and al­most half the Democrats in the House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives can be classed as Demo­cratic So­cial­ists.

Trump will get lit­tle fur­ther leg­is­la­tion through Con­gress, and a Demo­crat­ic­con­trolled House will be able to sub­poena his tax re­turns and in­ves­ti­gate his ties to Rus­sia.

But Trump didn’t lose all that badly.

The Repub­li­cans’ losses were within the nor­mal range for a gov­ern­ing party in mid-term elec­tions, so the po­lit­i­cal civil war con­tin­ues un­abated.

The di­vi­sions will con­tinue and even deepen be­cause nei­ther of the ma­jor Amer­i­can par­ties un­der­stands what is mak­ing Amer­i­cans so an­gry and un­happy.

Don­ald Trump knows that it is fun­da­men­tally about jobs, but he is bark­ing up the wrong tree when he blames it on “off­shoring” and free trade and prom­ises to make the for­eign­ers give the jobs back.

Many Democrats sus­pect what the real prob­lem is, but they won’t dis­cuss it openly be­cause they have no idea how to deal with it.

What is re­ally de­stroy­ing U.S. jobs is au­to­ma­tion.

It’s de­stroy­ing jobs in other de­vel­oped coun­tries, too, with sim­i­lar po­lit­i­cal con­se­quences. The “Leave” side won the Brexit ref­er­en­dum in the United King­dom be­cause of strong sup­port in the postin­dus­trial waste­lands of north­ern and cen­tral Eng­land.

The neo-fas­cist can­di­date in the last French pres­i­den­tial elec­tion, Marine Le Pen, got one-third of the vote be­cause of her pop­u­lar­ity in the French equiv­a­lent of the U.S. “Rust Belt.”

But the process is far­thest ad­vanced in the U.S., which has lost one-third of its man­u­fac­tur­ing jobs — eight mil­lion jobs — in the past 25 years. Only two mil­lion of those jobs were lost be­cause the fac­to­ries were “off­shored” to Mex­ico or China, and that hap­pened mostly in the 1990s. The rest were sim­ply abol­ished by au­to­ma­tion.

The Rust Belt went first, be­cause assem­bly-line man­u­fac­tur­ing is the eas­i­est thing to au­to­mate. The re­tail jobs are go­ing now, be­cause of Ama­zon and its ilk. The next big chunk to dis­ap­pear will be the 4.5 mil­lion driv­ing jobs in the United States, lost to self-driv­ing ve­hi­cles. Et cetera.

The “official” U.S. un­em­ploy­ment rate of 3.7 per cent is a fan­tasy. The pro­por­tion of Amer­i­can males of prime work­ing age (25-54) who are ac­tu­ally not work­ing, ac­cord­ing to Ni­cholas Eber­stadt of the Amer­i­can En­ter­prise In­sti­tute, is 17.5 per cent. Or at least that’s what it was when he did his big study two years ago.

Un­til the ma­jor par­ties can ac­knowl­edge that it is the com­put­ers that are killing the jobs (and that it prob­a­bly can’t be stopped), the anger will con­tinue to grow.

You can’t be­gin to fix the prob­lem un­til you un­der­stand it.

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