From first shot to si­lence of peace

The Peterborough Examiner - - Canada & World -

PARIS — As the world marks 100 years since the fight­ing stopped, here is a look at some key mo­ments in the First World War. 1914 June 28: Serb teenager Gavrilo Prin­cip kills Aus­trian Arch­duke Franz Fer­di­nand July 28: Aus­tria-Hun­gary de­clares war on Ser­bia Aug. 1: Ger­many de­clares war on Rus­sia Aug. 3: Ger­many de­clares war on France Aug. 4: Ger­many in­vades Bel­gium; Bri­tain de­clares war on Ger­many Aug. 23: Ja­pan de­clares war on Ger­many Septem­ber: Bat­tle of the Marne stops the Ger­man ad­vance in France Oct. 29: Ot­toman Empire en­ters the war No­vem­ber: Be­gin­ning of trench war­fare Dec. 25: Un­of­fi­cial Christ­mas Truce 1915 Feb­ru­ary: Ger­man U-boat cam­paign marks first large use of sub­marines in war­fare April: Al­lied troops land in Gal­lipoli, Tur­key, a defin­ing mo­ment for Aus­tralia, New Zealand April 22: First use of a chem­i­cal weapon, chlo­rine gas, near Ypres, Bel­gium May 7: Bri­tish ship Lusi­ta­nia sunk by Ger­man U-boat May 23: Italy en­ters war, against Aus­tria-Hun­gary Oc­to­ber: Bul­garia joins war, on side of Cen­tral Pow­ers 1916 Feb. 21: Bat­tle of Ver­dun be­gins March 9: Ger­many de­clares war on Por­tu­gal July 1: Bat­tle of the Somme be­gins, with first mass use of tanks Aug. 27: Ro­ma­nia en­ters war, is in­vaded by Ger­many Sept. 4: Bri­tish take Dar es Salaam in Ger­man East Africa Oc­to­ber: Adolf Hitler wounded Dec. 23: Al­lied forces de­feat Turk­ish in Si­nai Penin­sula 1917 March: Bagh­dad falls to An­gloIn­dian forces April 6: U.S. de­clares war on Ger­many April: Bat­tle for Vimy Ridge, defin­ing mo­ment for Canada July: Last Rus­sian of­fen­sive ends in fail­ure, as rev­o­lu­tion nears; in­con­clu­sive Bat­tle of Pass­chen­daele in Bel­gium 1918 March 3: Treaty of Brest-Li­tovsk ends Rus­sia’s in­volve­ment in the Eastern Front April 21: Leg­endary Red Baron killed June: Bat­tle of Bel­leau Wood, defin­ing mo­ment for U.S. mil­i­tary July 21: Ger­man sub­ma­rine fires on Cape Cod, only at­tack on main­land U.S. Oct. 30: Ot­toman Empire signs ar­mistice with Al­lies Oct. 31: Dis­so­lu­tion of Aus­troHun­gar­ian Empire Nov. 9: Ger­many’s Kaiser Wil­helm II ab­di­cates Nov. 11: Ger­many signs ar­mistice end­ing the war

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