Wild Atlantic salmon recovery prime topic
The outcomes of the annual meeting of the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO) being held in Edinburgh, Scotland June 3-8, have the ability to make or break the beginnings of wild Atlantic salmon restoration in North America.
Sue Scott, VP of Communications for the Atlantic Salmon Federation (ASF) said “Up for negotiation is a quota on Greenland’s commercial fishery that harvests wild Atlantic salmon from North America’s rivers.”
ASF, along with 34 other nongovernment organizations from North America and Europe, will urge NASCO to heed scientific advice and implement another three-year agreement for a zero quota on Greenland’s commercial salmon fishery.
Scientific advice from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) is there is no option for a fishery in Greenland in the next three years that would allow the number of large Atlantic salmon returning to North American rivers to reach their minimum overall conservation limit.
Although ICES scientists did predict that large salmon returns will continue to increase over the next three years, their numbers will not increase enough to sustain a harvest at Greenland.
The 2011 returns to North America were the best of the past two decades for both grilse (salmon that spend only one winter at sea) and large salmon that travel to distant Greenland feeding grounds. These increases are the first indicators large salmon are beginning to move out of a critical danger zone that reached an all-time low in 2001.
Upturns in grilse numbers in 2011 approached 700,000, closer to the good runs of the past, when they peaked at 900,000 in 1981.
An important factor in the improved runs of large salmon has been a suspension of Greenland’s commercial salmon fishery. NASCO has been successful in negotiating a zero commercial quota for this fishery since 2003.
The NASCO agreement is reinforced by a private sector agreement among ASF, the North Atlantic Salmon Fund of Iceland and Greenland fishermen. This agreement has been in place since 2002 and provides funding to engage Greenland fishermen in employment opportunities that are an alternative to salmon fishing.
Ms. Scott said “Negotiating a zero harvest at Greenland for the next three years requires leadership from other Parties to NASCO, including Canada.”
Greenland wants to be treated fairly at NASCO and points to other countries that have substantial salmon fisheries in their own jurisdictions. Last year, Greenland’s fishermen demonstrated at NASCO’s meeting held in Illulissat, demanding a commercial fishery.
They are seeing more salmon and argue other parties are still killing far more than they kill.
Canada’s total harvest amounted to 179 tons (13.668 large salmon and 63,851 grilse) in 2011, an increase from 153 tons in 2010.
Greenland harvested 28 tons (6,800 salmon) in its internal use or subsistence fishery in 2011, a decrease from 43 tons in 2010.
Ms. Scott indicated “Except for mixed-population fisheries off Labrador, the intent in Canada is to restrict harvest to salmon populations that meet minimum conservation limits, while the Greenland fishery is totally a mixed-stock fishery. Because salmon from many rivers are mixing in feeding grounds off Greenland, it is impossible to restrict harvest to healthy stocks, such as those of the Miramichi (New Brunswick).
“The stocks that are endangered or threatened, such as those from Maine, southern Newfoundland, and the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia are also vulnerable to harvest at Greenland.”