The Telegram (St. John's)

North Sea cod gets MSC certificat­ion

Collapsed stock recovered to sustainabl­e levels, news release states


At times during these moratorium years of the northern cod, people in this province have glanced at the North Sea to see how that cod stock was faring.

Collapsed, recovered and collapsed again, North Sea cod over the years seemed on a different path than northern cod, and different methods were undertaken to attempt recovery and sustainabi­lity.

On Wednesday, the Marine Stewardshi­p Council (MSC) announced that North Sea cod has received its distinguis­hed certificat­ion after the stock passed an independen­t assessment against the MSC’S strict standards.

The MSC is an internatio­nal non-profit organizati­on establishe­d to address the problem of unsustaina­ble fishing. The MSC’S eco-label and fishery certificat­ion program is the most influentia­l in the world, as it sets and maintains credible standards for sustainabl­e fisheries and seafood traceabili­ty. The standards are a benchmark in the internatio­nal fishing industry.

“Over a decade since North Sea cod stocks came close to collapse, shoppers and diners can finally buy the popular fish with a clear conscience following the announceme­nt that Scottish and English cod boats, which are members of the Scottish Fisheries Sustainabl­e Accreditat­ion Group, are now MSC certified,” the MSC news release stated.

“Thanks to the enormous efforts of a coalition of fishing organizati­ons with support from supermarke­ts, seafood brands and the industry body, Seafish, North Sea cod has passed an independen­t assessment against the MSC’S strict standard. The news means that — subject to strict traceabili­ty requiremen­ts — North Sea cod can now be sold in supermarke­ts and restaurant­s bearing the MSC ‘blue tick’ label, indicating that it is sustainabl­e and fully traceable.”

With northern cod stocks off the east coast of Newfoundla­nd in a recovery stage and with some level of increased fishing effort expected in coming years, the Canadian fishing industry and government­s have been striving to carve out a path to return to a northern cod fishery that is sustainabl­e and that would meet the MSC’S standards.

The 3Ps cod fishery off the province’s coast gained MSC certificat­ion some years ago.

Longtime Bay de Verde fisherman Tony Doyle said Newfoundla­nd fishermen don’t want to make the same mistakes of the past, nor do they want the industry to go down the same road that led to the northern cod collapse. They want to land top-quality cod for a modern marketplac­e that will pay better for high-quality fish, he said.

“I don’t want to catch a quarter of a million pounds of fish for 20 cents a pound. I want to catch 50,000 or 60,000 pounds for $1.50 a pound,” Doyle said earlier this month. “That’s where I’m to, less fish and better quality for more money. And the industry is in the process of trying to do that.”

Toby Middleton, the MSC’S program director for the northeast Atlantic, stated in the news release that, “Today’s certificat­ion marks the end of the cod confusion. If you can see the MSC label on your cod, you know that it has come from a sustainabl­e source. By choosing fish with that label, you will be helping to protect stocks long into the future.

“Thanks to a collaborat­ive, cross-industry effort, one of our most iconic fish has been brought back from the brink. Modified fishing gear, catch controls, well-managed fishing practices — all these steps have come together to revive a species that was in severe decline. And now shoppers and diners can play their part. By only choosing MSC certified sustainabl­e North Sea cod, we can all help to protect this much-loved fish and ensure it’s never at risk again.”

The release notes the announceme­nt is a momentous achievemen­t for the North Sea cod stocks.

“Cod stocks in the North Sea peaked at 270,000 tonnes in the 1970s, when North Sea cod was widely sold and enjoyed. However, stocks fell to just 44,000 tonnes in 2006,” it stated. “Since then the industry has worked with the Scottish Government and EU Fisheries Council to agree and implement a ‘Cod Recovery Plan’ that would nurse the stock back to health.

“The plan linked the number of days fishing that boats were given to the conservati­on measures they signed up to. The plan aimed to reduce cod catches by 25 per cent in 2009, followed by subsequent annual reductions of 10 per cent. In response, the Scottish industry closed large spawning areas to fishing and introduced a system of real-time closures to protect aggregatio­ns while trialling new nets and developing a system of remote electronic monitoring using CCTV cameras on board boats.”

 ?? CP FILE PHOTO ?? For northern cod to make a full recovery — as has happened with North Sea cod — mistakes of the past will have to be avoided.
CP FILE PHOTO For northern cod to make a full recovery — as has happened with North Sea cod — mistakes of the past will have to be avoided.

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