Today in history
On this date:
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain established a settlement at Quebec City. He called it Kebec, an Algonquin word meaning “place where the river narrows.” Its residents faced countless hardships, including cold weather and disease. By the time a relief ship arrived at Quebec a year later, all but eight of Champlain’s party were dead.
In 1797, the Law Society of Upper Canada was formed.
In 1814, Fort Erie, Ont., was seized by an American force under Jacob Brown. The force — the last foreign troops to occupy Canadian soil — retreated four months later.
In 1838, Francis Hincks founded the “Toronto Examiner.”
In 1870, R.B. Bennett, Canada’s prime minister from 193035, was born in Hopewell Hill, N.B. He died in Britain in 1947.
In 1876, the Intercolonial Railway was completed between Halifax and Riviere-du-Loup, Que.
In 1890, Idaho became the 43rd U.S. state. In 1893, the city of Kamloops, B.C., was incorporated.
In 1898, Joshua Slocum of Briar Island, N.S., arrived in Newport, R.I., to complete the first solo circumnavigation of the globe.
In 1904, Hungarian-born Zionist leader Theodor Herzl died. He launched the movement that led to the establishment of Israel in 1948.