To­day in his­tory

The Western Star - - EDITORIAL -

On this date:

In 430, St. Au­gus­tine of Hippo, the great early Latin Church fa­ther and one of the out­stand­ing the­o­log­i­cal fig­ures of the ages, died at age 76. It was St. Au­gus­tine who wrote: “Thou hast made us for thy­self, O Lord, and our hearts are rest­less till they find their rest in thee.” His great­est work was “City of God.”

In 1619, Fer­di­nand II was crowned Holy Ro­man Em­peror. In 1749, Ger­man au­thor Jo­hann Wolf­gang von Goethe was born.

In 1789, Ence­ladus, one of Saturn’s moons, was dis­cov­ered. Sci­en­tists think the moon may have un­der­ground flu­ids, mak­ing it one of the top plan­ets in the so­lar sys­tem where ex­trater­res­trial life might ex­ist.

In 1828, Count Leo Tol­stoy, one of the world’s great clas­si­cal writ­ers, was born at Yas­naya Polyana, in Rus­sia. Tol­stoy did not dis­tin­guish him­self in univer­sity but be­gan mak­ing his mark as a writer in 1854 with his bril­liant sketches of the Crimean War. After his re­turn from the war, Tol­stoy freed the serfs at his es­tate and be­came a so­cial re­former. His mas­ter­pieces in­clude “War and Peace” and “Anna Karen­ina.”

In 1833, an act abol­ish­ing slav­ery through­out the Bri­tish Colonies re­ceived royal as­sent. It came into force Aug. 1, 1834. It was the re­sult of a cam­paign by abo­li­tion­ists in­ter­na­tion­ally, and in the Bri­tish Par­lia­ment by an al­liance of Evan­gel­i­cal Angli­cans and Quak­ers led by MP William Wil­ber­force.

In 1916, Italy de­clared war on Ger­many dur­ing the First World War.

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