What to know about diabetes
Despite popular belief, diabetes is not caused by eating too much sugar and people don’t “give themselves” diabetes.
There are several different reasons why someone may develop diabetes. The cause of diabetes depends on your genes, family history, ethnic background, and other factors such as the environment and your health. It also depends on the type of diabetes you have.
There is no common cause that fits every type of diabetes. The reason why someone will develop Type 1 diabetes is very different from the reasons why another person will develop Type 2 diabetes.
TYPE 1 DIABETES
Type 1 diabetes is called an autoimmune disease, because the body’s system for fighting infection, your immune system, attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. As a result, the body is left without insulin.
TYPE 2 DIABETES
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is caused by several factors including obesity, ethnic background, a family history of Type 2 diabetes and other environmental factors.
Type 2 diabetes is the result of not enough insulin being made in the pancreas, and insulin resistance when the body isn’t able to use the insulin it makes.
When this happens, glucose (sugar) in your blood is not able to enter the cells where it should get used for energy.