What to know about di­a­betes

The Western Star - - LIFESTYLE -

De­spite pop­u­lar be­lief, di­a­betes is not caused by eat­ing too much sugar and peo­ple don’t “give them­selves” di­a­betes.

There are sev­eral dif­fer­ent rea­sons why some­one may de­velop di­a­betes. The cause of di­a­betes de­pends on your genes, fam­ily his­tory, eth­nic back­ground, and other fac­tors such as the en­vi­ron­ment and your health. It also de­pends on the type of di­a­betes you have.

There is no com­mon cause that fits ev­ery type of di­a­betes. The rea­son why some­one will de­velop Type 1 di­a­betes is very dif­fer­ent from the rea­sons why another per­son will de­velop Type 2 di­a­betes.

TYPE 1 DI­A­BETES

Type 1 di­a­betes is called an au­toim­mune dis­ease, be­cause the body’s sys­tem for fight­ing in­fec­tion, your im­mune sys­tem, at­tacks and de­stroys the cells in your pan­creas that make in­sulin. As a re­sult, the body is left with­out in­sulin.

TYPE 2 DI­A­BETES

Type 2 di­a­betes is much more com­mon than Type 1 di­a­betes. Type 2 di­a­betes is caused by sev­eral fac­tors in­clud­ing obe­sity, eth­nic back­ground, a fam­ily his­tory of Type 2 di­a­betes and other en­vi­ron­men­tal fac­tors.

Type 2 di­a­betes is the re­sult of not enough in­sulin be­ing made in the pan­creas, and in­sulin re­sis­tance when the body isn’t able to use the in­sulin it makes.

When this hap­pens, glu­cose (sugar) in your blood is not able to en­ter the cells where it should get used for en­ergy.

Source: www.di­a­betes­canada.ca

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