Today in history
Today in History for June 15:
On this date:
In 1215, King John signed the Magna Carta — granting his barons more liberty and marking the birth of responsible government in England. The document begins with the words, “The Church of England shall be free.”
In 1520, Pope Leo X issued the papal encyclical “Exsurge Domine,” which condemned German church reformer Martin Luther as a heretic on 41 counts and branded him an enemy of the Roman Catholic Church.
In 1616, the first schools for natives in New France opened at Trois-Rivieres and Tadoussac.
In 1649, Margaret Jones of Charlestown became the first person tried and executed for witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts.
In 1843, composer Edvard Grieg, whose strongly nationalist style led to his being known as “The Voice of Norway,” was born.
In 1844, American Charles Goodyear applied for a patent on vulcanized rubber.
In 1846, the United States and Britain signed the Oregon Boundary Treaty, declaring the 49th parallel to be the Canada-U.S. boundary from the crest of the Rockies to the middle of the channel between Vancouver Island and the mainland. The Americans had decided their manifest destiny demanded that the 49th parallel be the border. The British wanted it to go farther south, based on the Hudson Bay Company’s long history in the area, but their position weakened as the Oregon Trail brought an influx of American settlers into the disputed region.