To­day in his­tory

The Western Star - - EDITORIAL -

To­day in His­tory for June 15:

On this date:

In 1215, King John signed the Magna Carta — grant­ing his barons more lib­erty and mark­ing the birth of re­spon­si­ble gov­ern­ment in Eng­land. The doc­u­ment be­gins with the words, “The Church of Eng­land shall be free.”

In 1520, Pope Leo X is­sued the pa­pal en­cycli­cal “Ex­surge Domine,” which con­demned Ger­man church re­former Martin Luther as a heretic on 41 counts and branded him an en­emy of the Ro­man Catholic Church.

In 1616, the first schools for na­tives in New France opened at Trois-Rivieres and Tadous­sac.

In 1649, Mar­garet Jones of Charlestown be­came the first per­son tried and ex­e­cuted for witchcraft in colo­nial Mas­sachusetts.

In 1843, com­poser Ed­vard Grieg, whose strongly na­tion­al­ist style led to his be­ing known as “The Voice of Nor­way,” was born.

In 1844, Amer­i­can Charles Goodyear ap­plied for a patent on vul­can­ized rub­ber.

In 1846, the United States and Bri­tain signed the Ore­gon Bound­ary Treaty, declar­ing the 49th par­al­lel to be the Canada-U.S. bound­ary from the crest of the Rock­ies to the mid­dle of the chan­nel be­tween Vancouver Is­land and the main­land. The Amer­i­cans had de­cided their man­i­fest des­tiny de­manded that the 49th par­al­lel be the bor­der. The Bri­tish wanted it to go far­ther south, based on the Hud­son Bay Com­pany’s long his­tory in the area, but their po­si­tion weak­ened as the Ore­gon Trail brought an in­flux of Amer­i­can set­tlers into the dis­puted re­gion.

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