Today in history
On this date:
In 1529, Spanish diplomat and writer Juan de Valdes published his Dialogue on Christian Doctrine. It paved the way for Protestant ideas in Spain.
In 1645, the Company of New France gave up trading rights in Canada to colonists living in the new land.
In 1671, the first snow of the winter fell in Quebec but the ice and snow had nearly all melted away by the middle of March, making it Canada’s shortest winter on record. But homesteaders weren’t rejoicing at the lack of chill in the air — they depended on the cold to keep food supplies from spoiling. Many starved because of the short winter.
In 1742, English astronomer Edmond Halley, who observed the comet that bears his name, died at age 85.
In 1784, the United States ratified a peace treaty with England, ending the Revolutionary War.
In 1858, Italian revolutionist Felice Orsini attempted to assassinate French Emperor Napoleon III.
In 1875, Albert Schweitzer was born in Kaysersberg, Alsace — at that time part of the German Empire. The humanitarian and medical missionary was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952.
In 1875, the first issue of the “Halifax Herald” hit the streets.
In 1878, Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated the telephone to Queen Victoria, who spoke with her friend, Sir Thomas Biddulph.
In 1914, the Ford Motor Company improved efficiency by employing an “endless” chain to transport each chassis along the assembly line.
In 1943, U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and French General Charles de Gaulle opened a wartime conference in Casablanca.
In 1947, Canada was elected to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.
In 1949, the first non-stop trans-Canada flight, from Vancouver to Halifax, was completed.
In 1952, an underground gas explosion at the McGregor coal mine at Stellarton, N.S., killed 19 men.