To­day in his­tory

The Western Star - - EDITORIAL -

On this date:

In 1529, Span­ish diplo­mat and writer Juan de Valdes pub­lished his Di­a­logue on Chris­tian Doc­trine. It paved the way for Protes­tant ideas in Spain.

In 1645, the Com­pany of New France gave up trad­ing rights in Canada to colonists liv­ing in the new land.

In 1671, the first snow of the win­ter fell in Que­bec but the ice and snow had nearly all melted away by the mid­dle of March, mak­ing it Canada’s short­est win­ter on record. But home­stead­ers weren’t re­joic­ing at the lack of chill in the air — they de­pended on the cold to keep food sup­plies from spoil­ing. Many starved be­cause of the short win­ter.

In 1742, English as­tronomer Ed­mond Hal­ley, who ob­served the comet that bears his name, died at age 85.

In 1784, the United States rat­i­fied a peace treaty with Eng­land, end­ing the Rev­o­lu­tion­ary War.

In 1858, Ital­ian rev­o­lu­tion­ist Felice Orsini at­tempted to as­sas­si­nate French Em­peror Napoleon III.

In 1875, Al­bert Sch­weitzer was born in Kay­sers­berg, Al­sace — at that time part of the Ger­man Em­pire. The hu­man­i­tar­ian and med­i­cal mis­sion­ary was awarded the No­bel Peace Prize in 1952.

In 1875, the first is­sue of the “Hal­i­fax Her­ald” hit the streets.

In 1878, Alexan­der Gra­ham Bell demon­strated the tele­phone to Queen Vic­to­ria, who spoke with her friend, Sir Thomas Bid­dulph.

In 1914, the Ford Mo­tor Com­pany im­proved ef­fi­ciency by em­ploy­ing an “end­less” chain to trans­port each chas­sis along the assem­bly line.

In 1943, U.S. pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt, British Prime Min­is­ter Win­ston Churchill and French Gen­eral Charles de Gaulle opened a wartime con­fer­ence in Casablanca.

In 1947, Canada was elected to the Eco­nomic and So­cial Coun­cil of the United Na­tions.

In 1949, the first non-stop trans-Canada flight, from Van­cou­ver to Hal­i­fax, was com­pleted.

In 1952, an un­der­ground gas ex­plo­sion at the Mc­Gre­gor coal mine at Stel­lar­ton, N.S., killed 19 men.

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