TODAY IN HISTORY
in AD 374, Ambrose, an early church father, was consecrated Bishop of Milan, Italy. His influential works on theology and ethics made him — along with Jerome, Augustine, and Gregory the Great — one of the “four doctors” of the Western (Latin) Church. in 1729, 1.2 million hectares — including Norfolk, Wentworth and Haldimand counties of Ontario — were surrendered by the Mississauga Indians. in 1770, Samuel Hearne left the Prince of Wales Fort at Hudson Bay on an expedition that would make him the first European to see the Arctic Ocean. in 1787, Delaware became the first U.S. state. in 1829, the British rulers of India outlawed the custom of suttee — the immolation of widows on their husbands’ funeral pyres. in 1837, the rebellion in Upper Canada erupted into violence when government officials were shot at Montgomery’s Tavern just outside Toronto. in 1876, the Canadian steamship “Northern Light” began the first regular service from P.E.I. to the mainland. in 1877, the first successful gramophone was demonstrated. It was invented by Thomas Edison and built by his mechanic, John Kruesi. in 1899, Sir John A. Macdonald’s son, Hugh, led Manitoba’s Conservative party to an election victory. in 1907, Christmas Seals were sold for the first time in the United States to help fight tuberculosis. The seals went on sale for the first time ever in Denmark in 1904 and were the idea of Copenhagen postman Einar Holboell. The seals first appeared in Canada in 1908. in 1916, David Lloyd George became prime minister of Britain. in 1941, Japanese planes began their attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor (Hawaii). Over 300 Japanese planes from aircraft carriers attacked in waves. Eight battleships were sunk or disabled, and almost 200 planes were destroyed before they could get off the ground. About 2,500 soldiers and civilians were killed. Hours later, Canada declared war on Japan — the first of the Western allies to do so. The United States, Britain and other allied countries followed the next day. The United States declared war on Japan’s allies Germany and Italy on Dec. 11.