TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Tillsonburg News - - NEWS -

in AD 374, Am­brose, an early church fa­ther, was con­se­crated Bishop of Mi­lan, Italy. His in­flu­en­tial works on the­ol­ogy and ethics made him — along with Jerome, Au­gus­tine, and Gre­gory the Great — one of the “four doc­tors” of the West­ern (Latin) Church. in 1729, 1.2 mil­lion hectares — in­clud­ing Nor­folk, Went­worth and Haldimand coun­ties of On­tario — were sur­ren­dered by the Mis­sis­sauga In­di­ans. in 1770, Sa­muel Hearne left the Prince of Wales Fort at Hud­son Bay on an ex­pe­di­tion that would make him the first Euro­pean to see the Arc­tic Ocean. in 1787, Delaware be­came the first U.S. state. in 1829, the Bri­tish rulers of In­dia out­lawed the cus­tom of sut­tee — the im­mo­la­tion of widows on their hus­bands’ fu­neral pyres. in 1837, the re­bel­lion in Up­per Canada erupted into vi­o­lence when gov­ern­ment of­fi­cials were shot at Mont­gomery’s Tav­ern just out­side Toronto. in 1876, the Cana­dian steamship “North­ern Light” be­gan the first reg­u­lar ser­vice from P.E.I. to the main­land. in 1877, the first suc­cess­ful gramo­phone was demon­strated. It was in­vented by Thomas Edi­son and built by his me­chanic, John Kruesi. in 1899, Sir John A. Macdon­ald’s son, Hugh, led Man­i­toba’s Con­ser­va­tive party to an elec­tion vic­tory. in 1907, Christ­mas Seals were sold for the first time in the United States to help fight tu­ber­cu­lo­sis. The seals went on sale for the first time ever in Den­mark in 1904 and were the idea of Copen­hagen post­man Ei­nar Hol­boell. The seals first ap­peared in Canada in 1908. in 1916, David Lloyd Ge­orge be­came prime min­is­ter of Bri­tain. in 1941, Ja­panese planes be­gan their at­tack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Har­bor (Hawaii). Over 300 Ja­panese planes from air­craft car­ri­ers at­tacked in waves. Eight bat­tle­ships were sunk or dis­abled, and al­most 200 planes were de­stroyed be­fore they could get off the ground. About 2,500 sol­diers and civil­ians were killed. Hours later, Canada de­clared war on Ja­pan — the first of the West­ern al­lies to do so. The United States, Bri­tain and other al­lied coun­tries fol­lowed the next day. The United States de­clared war on Ja­pan’s al­lies Ger­many and Italy on Dec. 11.

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