Toronto Star

SECOND OPINION But why always in the supermarke­t?

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Study: Certain types of tantrums may indicate serious emotional or behavioura­l disorders, according to a study published in the January issue of The Journal of Pediatrics. Method: Andy Belden, PhD, and colleagues from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, identified and characteri­zed tantrum behaviours by studying 279 parent-child pairs. The researcher­s compared the tantrums of children previously diagnosed with depression and/or disruptive disorders, such as ADHD, with those of healthy children. They found that healthy children were less aggressive and, generally, had shorter tantrums. The authors categorize­d the high-risk children according to five “tantrum styles:” Self-injurious behaviour. Consistent, violent aggression towards others or objects.

The inability to calm themselves without assistance.

Tantrums lasting for more than 25 minutes.

An average of five tantrums a day, or 10 to 20 tantrums in a month. Background: Temper tantrums are common among children 3 to 6 years of age. Although these tantrums can range in duration and intensity, many parents often worry whether tantrums are also symptoms of more serious problems. Claim: The first tantrum style was found most often in children with depression and should be considered very serious. The other four may be indicators of emotional or behavioura­l problems. The authors note that tantrums are commonly caused by hunger, fatigue or illness and are often considered normal among preschool children. Caveat: This research does not apply to adult tantrums thrown by spouses, colleagues or bosses. Second Opinion by Libby Stephens regularly dissects health studies. Source: News release.

 ??  ?? Not all tantrums are created equal.
Not all tantrums are created equal.

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