Toronto Star

Liberia-‘blood diamonds’ link eyed

Prosecutor­s claim ex-president Taylor’s pursuit of gems led to involvemen­t in Sierra Leone conflict


THE HAGUE, NETHERLAND­S— An internatio­nal expert in the trade in blood diamonds will be the first witness to testify at the war crimes trial of former Liberian president Charles Taylor when it resumes today, six months after it adjourned following a chaotic opening session. Taylor, 59, is accused of terrorizin­g the people of Sierra Leone by orchestrat­ing atrocities committed by militias known for hacking off their victims’ limbs during the country’s 10-year civil war, which ended in 2003.

Among the 11 charges against him are murder, rape, enslavemen­t and conscripti­ng child soldiers. Taylor, the first former African head of state to appear before an internatio­nal tribunal, has pleaded innocent to all charges.

Prosecutor­s say Taylor’s desire to get his hands on diamonds from Sierra Leone was one of the causes of his alleged involvemen­t in the war.

Their first witness will be Ian Smillie, an expert on conflict diamonds — or “blood diamonds.” They are so named because they were smuggled out of Africa and the proceeds of their sale fuelled wars across the continent in the 1990s and into the new century.

Smillie is the first of 144 prosecutio­n witnesses, though trial attorneys expect only half of them to appear in person.

The second witness is slated to be a victim of the militias. Taylor’s defence team does not deny the atrocities happened in Sierra Leone and has argued that calling victims is an unnecessar­y appeal to the emotions of judges.

But chief prosecutor at the UNbacked Special Court for Sierra Leone, Stephen Rapp, said he has an obligation to highlight the suffering of victims.

“We owe it to the victims to present some testimony in a live sense,” Rapp said, so as “not to drain the case of the human element completely.’’ Rapp has said he summoned 77 victims or other witnesses to establish that crimes had occurred in each of several regions mentioned in the indictment. He expected only 10 to appear in court.

Later in the week, a former member of Taylor’s inner circle will testify about how the former Liberian president allegedly controlled and encouraged militias in neighbouri­ng Sierra Leone. Nearly 60 witnesses will be called to draw links between Taylor and the militias and most are expected to do so anonymousl­y for fear of reprisals by Taylor supporters.

The trial is being held in The Hague because of the belief that staging it in the Sierra Leone capital, Freetown, could spark new unrest there. However, the courtroom action is being beamed to Freetown and members of the public have been invited to watch.

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